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A collection of Dillard Genealogical research papers, essays and other miscellaneous materials which may be relevant to those interested in Dillard Genealogy.

Title Another Myth: John Dillards Service Record with Pickens , John M. Dillard Dillard Scrap Book, John Dillard, Original Housed at the Rabun Gap Nacoochee School Archives Department, 2016
John Dillard Backwoods Man , John M. Dillard Excepts From Eunice Dean Lord Interview , Dean Lake
Dillard Deeds in Buncombe County , John M. Dillard (Rev. July, 2015)  
Dillard Descendants in Civil War This article was presented at the 1998 Dillard Reunion History Session.  

Four Brothers in Oconee County , John M. Dillard

 
All essay footnotes are currently being converted to HTML and will be posted as they are done.

 

Another Myth:

John Dillard’s Service Record with Pickens

It has been published that John Dillard of Rabun County served with General Andrew Pickens in his expeditions against the Cherokee Indians. This has unfortunately been repeated in other accounts about John Dillard. Ritchie, in a sketch of General Andrew Pickens of South Carolina, tells us that Pickens was one of the heroes of Grant's victory over the Cherokee Indians in the French and Indian War when Pickens was just 22 years of age. He further verifies that in 1785 after the Revolutionary War Pickens forced the Cherokee Indians in a single treaty to give up all of their claims in South Carolina and northeast Georgia out of which Rabun County was created. The latter was not the result of fighting, but Pickens' skills as an Indian treaty negotiator. It is stated that one of Pickens' Cherokee Indian battles was fought and won in the Little Tennessee River Valley in what is now Rabun County. All of that, however, was before Rabun County was formed and before the Dillards were ever there.

The basis of the conclusion that John Dillard served against the Cherokees with Pickens is unknown. At that time and place when the Indian expeditions occurred, Pickens was residing in South Carolina, and John Dillard was residing in far away Pittsylvania County, Virginia. The conclusion that John Dillard served under General Andrew Pickens in the American Revolution seems based on still another conclusion that John Dillard and James Dillard of Laurens District, South Carolina, served together in the American Revolution in companies of which the well known James Dillard was a captain. It is reasoned that since James Dillard served with Pickens during the Revolutionary War (which he did in fact), so did John Dillard. The latter could also be the basis for the conclusion that John Dillard served with Pickens against the Cherokees, in that Pickens' expeditions against the Cherokees grew out of, and were timed with, his service in the Revolution. These conclusions need further investigation.

Dillard researchers have in recent years have thought that the captain with whom John Dillard served was his probable first cousin, Thomas Dillard, of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, where John Dillard's Revolutionary military service, according to his pension application, took place. A complete account on the Revolutionary military record of Thomas Dillard is set forth in the old and respected History of Pittsylvania County, Virginia by Maud Carter Clement at pages 163 and 164 and elsewhere. A review of John Dillard's military record in the Revolution as alleged by him in his pension application compared to Thomas Dillard's military record as set forth in Maud Carter Clement, id., leaves little doubt that it was Thomas Dillard and not James Dillard with whom John Dillard served in that the two records verify each other.

James Dillard of South Carolina, a son of George Dillard of Culpepper County, Virginia, and also a probable first cousin to John Dillard of Rabun County, had left Virginia and settled in South Carolina prior to the beginning of the Revolutionary War. As pointed out by Marjorie Lee Holland in her Sims P. and Melissa Hendricks Dillard: Their Ancestors and Descendants, James Dillard was in Laurens District South Carolina where he married Mary Ramage Dillard, later Revolutionary heroine, on December 4, 1774. His brothers, Major, Samuel and William (killed in the South Carolina Revolutionary battle of Eutaw Springs in which Andrew Pickens also fought) were also there about the time of the Revolution.

James Dillard's documented military service in the American Revolution, including the Battle of Kings Mountain, occurred in and from South Carolina. Pickens' Revolutionary War military activities extended in and from South Carolina in the general period from 1775 through 1782, with Pickens' last "fighting" expedition against the Cherokee Indians occurring in 1782. According to research of Dr. Howard V. Jones and others, John Dillard was in Pittsylvania County, Virginia until about 1782, a resident of Washington County, N.C. (Tennessee) until about 1789 when he settled in Buncombe County, North Carolina where he remained until about 1823 before making his final home in Rabun County, Georgia.


Andrew Pickens, while frequently serving as a treaty negotiator on behalf of the United States with the Cherokees, Creeks and other Indian nations after the Revolution, was never engaged in military activities of any kind after 1782. He died at his home at Tomassee, South Carolina in 1817 (this is in present Oconee County, South Carolina adjoining Rabun County, Georgia), two years prior to the organization of Rabun County in 1819 and its later settlement by John and James Dillard in the 1820's.

General Andrew Pickens did engage in fighting the British under General Greene in central North Carolina in 1781. John Dillard's pension application sketches his Revolutionary service under General Greene across into North Carolina not far from John Dillard's home in Pittsylvania County where he was based in that county's militia. We do not know, however, that John Dillard and General Pickens were ever there together.

The times, places and circumstances do not add up, and it seems inescapable that John Dillard never served with General Andrew Pickens in fighting the Cherokee Indians nor in the fighting the British in the American Revolution. Perhaps it is time to get the record corrected.

C;\Dillard\Pickens revised through January 24, 1993. John M. Dillard, P. O. Box 91, Greenville, South Carolina 29602
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John Dillard, Backwoods Man


It was Sunday, June 29, 1941 on the grounds of the Head of the Tennessee Baptist Church at Dillard, Georgia. The writer was then nine years of age. White haired Dr. Andrew J. Ritchie intoned the history of Lt. John Dillard, a Revolutionary soldier and first settler of the town, while Beavert R. Dillard, his great-grandson, strained to hear and nodded his ruddy face in agreement. This was an "all day and county-wide devotional and patriotic gathering" to unveil a marker furnished for the grave of John Dillard. The printed page publicizing the event, directed by Ritchie, described the day as "devoted to the principles of religion and to a revival of Americanism as exemplified in the life and service of our forefathers". Speakers included Judge T.S. Candler of the Superior Court and Dr. F.C. McConnell, Pastor of the First Baptist Church of Anderson, South Carolina.

Both the Baptist and the Methodist Churches let out regular services and combined with the reunion in the Baptist church for an 11:30 A.M. service of preaching and singing. Church services were also held again in the afternoon. Patriotic, familiar hymns were sung including "Faith of Our Fathers" and "The Battle Hymn of the Republic". Approximately 200 or more descendants of John Dillard were in attendance. Out of this world good food in large quantities was prepared as a labor of love by the women of the Valley area of the county. Those present were not only Dillards, but members of practically every major family in the Valley area of Rabun County including the Gibsons, Nevilles, Dickersons, Ritchies, Martins and Grists who were related by blood or marriage to the Dillard family.

Fellowship, fun, and food was enjoyed by all. No one appeared to be burdened with knowing too many facts about John Dillard, the Revolutionary soldier, who was the center of the occasion. Ritchie, after hurried and brief writing to the then War Department and National Archives, concluded that this John Dillard was born in Culpepper County, Virginia in 1760, served in the American Revolution with Captain James Dillard, of Laurens County, South Carolina, while residing in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, and entered Rabun County when it was created about 1819 accompanied by his wife Ruth Terry Dillard and his three children, James Dillard, Mary Rebecca Dillard Dickerson and Elizabeth Dillard Dryman. All of that was later recorded by Ritchie in the now classic, Sketches of Rabun County History. It was considered the cast-in-stone family history of the Dillards from Rabun County, and is still the authoritative source of Rabun County history and genealogy.

Fifty years passed and no family reunion of this same group of Dillards took place. The idea of having a fiftieth anniversary of the 1941 reunion was conceived of by Louise Dillard Coldren, a descendant of John Dillard, in 1991 while helping this writer track down some sources of family history in Rabun County. Plans were made. That day was again commemorated on Sunday, June 9, 1991 at Dillard City Hall next door to the Dillard House in Dillard, Georgia, a few hundred yards from the grave of the Revolutionary soldier. Even though John Dillard was born and raised an Anglican, the Baptist pastor at Dillard, Georgia led the opening services with a religious and patriotic theme following the pattern of the 1941 reunion.

Several Dillard family researchers over the past fifty years have discovered facts which undermine some of the conclusions about John Dillard once held by the Rabun County family traditionalists.

The date of birth on John Dillard's tombstone erected by the government which shows 1760 may be wrong. It should have read 1755. John's Revolutionary pension application filed with the Federal Government when he was a 79 year old resident of Rabun County interlineated over 1755 making it uncertain as to whether 1755 or 1760 was correct. John Dillard could have been uncertain himself. He deposed to the Rabun County Inferior Court that he once had the date of his birth in a Bible, but it was "worn out" and illegible. Other facts make the date 1755 more probable.

John Dillard was about 68 years of age when he came into Rabun County before 1823, some three or four years after the county was created in 1819. His son, James, took title in his name alone to four lots of land totaling 1,000 acres in the present Town of Dillard through purchase from third party state land lottery holders. James was then in his thirties, had married Sally Barnard and had given birth to some of his children in Buncombe County, North Carolina from which both James and John came.

What many of Dillard traditionalists did not know in 1941 is that John Dillard in order to pioneer the opening of Rabun County had to give up his rural home of 34 years in the Flat Creek section of Buncombe County, which is located some ten miles north of the present Asheville, North Carolina. His home consisted of some 460 acres of farm land at Flat Creek west of the present town of Barnardsville. John had obtained a state land grant to his first property in Buncombe County in 1789 when it was then a part of Burke County, was Buncombe County ranger and was present on the first day of court at the organization of that county in 1791. He was a commissioner appointed by the North Carolina General Assembly for the laying out of Asheville as the county seat of Buncombe County in 1792 in a dispute which arose between two factions each of which wanted the county seat located on opposite sides of the Swannanoa River. Starting up a new county was not a new experience for John Dillard.

His wife, Ruth, may not have been a Terry, but possibly a daughter of Thomas Vaughn of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, who along with a John and his possible mother, Elizabeth, witnessed the Will of John's uncle, Colonel Thomas Dillard, Sr. in that county about 1774. Terry was a name which crept into the family history through Obediah Terry Dickerson, a son-in-law who married Mary Dillard, and whose mother (but not Mary's mother), was in fact a Terry.

The most shocking repudiation of the Rabun County Dillard tradition about John Dillard is that there were several children other than James, Mary and Elizabeth. These were not only not heard of until recent years, but positively denied as kinfolk by some of the Rabun County traditionalists who always insisted there were only three children. In addition to James, there were older sons Thomas Dillard, born in 1776, John Dillard, Jr., born in 1780, and William Dillard, born in 1782, all of whom unquestionably owned land adjoining their father's home place at Flat Creek in Buncombe County, North Carolina in the early 1800's, and took off to other parts of the country. An older daughter, Sarah Dillard, born in 1778 who married Baxter Davis, Jr., migrated from Buncombe County and died in Kentucky. Another daughter, Sophia Dillard, born about 1794, became the second wife of Gabriel Elkins while a resident of Buncombe County and ended up in Texas. That left the younger children, James, born in 1792 who married Sarah Barnard, Mary Rebecca, born in 1790 who married Obediah Terry Dickerson, and Elizabeth, born in 1784 who married Henry Dryman, Jr., all of whom came into Rabun County before 1823. There are possibilities of other daughters whose names are not known. Census records show a real crowd of people, whoever they were, in John's household over a decade.

Some speculate there was another wife who died prior to John's marriage to Ruth. Others speculate that there was a big family feud. Still others say it was just bad communications. Whatever the explanation may be, John Dillard, Jr. with his young family sold out in Buncombe County in 1812, left his father, and went to Knox County, Kentucky. John, Jr. later migrated back to Monroe County, Tennessee and finally settled near present Calhoun, Georgia where he died prior to 1847 and where there now reside a large number of his descendants. They, like other Dillard branches, are now spread over the entire United States.

William Dillard with his family (including his wife, a daughter of William Gregory, a friend almost like family going back with John Dillard into Pittsylvania County, Virginia) left Buncombe County in the same year to later become a resident of Greene County, Missouri where after the Civil War he cast his influence on the side of the Republican Party and died in 1877 at 95 years of age. Some of his sons were Presbyterian ministers. His descendants later scattered across the entire West and were the settlers of the Town of Dillard, Oregon.

The oldest son, Thomas Dillard, was the first to leave and went to northeastern Arkansas near Independence sometime around 1810 where his descendants to this day reside and did not until recent years discover their Buncombe County origins.

Some of the descendants of Thomas Dillard, John Dillard, Jr. and William Dillard attended the 1991 and 1992 reunions and were welcomed by their Rabun County cousins, all of whom enjoyed the fellowship and family spirit present on those occasions.

John Dillard represented in his Revolutionary Pension application that he was born in Culpeper County, Virginia. Just who were his parents and other ancestors were largely unknown by his Rabun County descendants of the past fifty years. Meanwhile, several able Dillard researchers spread across the country were at work over many of those years trying to piece together fragments of Dillard family history. These included Dorothy Dillard Hughes, Howard V. Jones, Lucile Robinson Johnson, Miriam Dillard Klar and others. This unreferenced overview is for the greatest part based upon the work product of these Dillard researchers to whom the Dillard family is indebted.

Deed records exist that Edward, Thomas, Sr. and George Dillard owned contiguous properties on Gourdvine Creek in Orange and its progeny county, Culpeper County, Virginia between 1737 and 1758. Another probable brother in the area was John Dillard. This was in northeastern Virginia not very far from Washington, D. C. Some of them also appeared in court records and in records of the Anglican Church (Church of England) in which they were active. The deduction has been made based upon circumstantial evidence these four Dillards were probably brothers. A further deduction has been made based upon the same type of proof that the probable parents of John Dillard of Rabun County were this same Edward Dillard and his documented wife, Elizabeth Dillard, later one of the witnesses to the will of Thomas Dillard, Sr. in Pittsylvania County, Virginia.

Two of these brothers, Edward Dillard, the believed father of John Dillard of Rabun County, and the prominent Thomas Dillard, Sr., after 1758 moved south into Halifax County and its progeny county, Pittsylvania County, Virginia where they are recorded in public and church records, including land records. This is an area northwest of present Danville in the midlands of southeastern Virginia. Very little is known of Edward Dillard. Information about his probable brother Thomas Dillard, Sr., is abundant. The properties of Edward and Thomas, Sr. in Halifax and Pittsylvania Counties adjoined each other. John of Rabun County took over his father's land which had been acquired under a Virginia land patent. George Dillard and John Dillard, probable brothers, remained in Culpeper County in northeastern Virginia where lived for the rest of their lives.

This brings up the question of from where did George, Edward, John and Thomas, Sr. come upon their arrival in Orange, later Culpeper County. This is where the road is rough for the Dillard researcher. There is no answer to date but King and Queen County, Virginia is the most plausible theory. One or more of them are detected for a brief period of time in Essex County connected with the family of the wife of Thomas Dillard, Sr.

George Dillard, generally regarded as the first Dillard in this country, it is known was transported from England to coastal New Kent County, Virginia on May 22, 1650 where land records indicate he later owned property on the York River peninsular not far from present Williamsburg, Virginia. That area later became a part of King and Queen County, Virginia. English property tax records, known as the "quit rent rolls", in 1704 show ownership of property in King and Queen County by Nicholas, Edward, George and Thomas Dillard.

It can surmised that the Edward, George and Thomas Dillard in the 1704 quit rent rolls are the same Edward, George and Thomas who later appeared in Orange, Culpeper, Halifax and Pittsylvania counties. However, their probable ages do not make this a reasonable conclusion. If not, it can be more reasonably speculated that they were the grandsons of George Dillard, the Pioneer. That raises another question of who was their father. Some have suggested that records indicate this father was another Edward. This is the subject matter of much uncertainty. No one knows the answer. No known records which have not already been thorough scrutinized seem to exist to search for additional facts.

The reason for this unhappy state of Dillard history is the destruction of the courthouse records by fire in both New Kent and King and Queen counties covering a century of time. This left a dark hole with no light in piecing together the Dillard family tree between two ends, one end being the entry of George Dillard, the Pioneer, and the other end the succeeding generations of Dillards who had migrated at a much later time into northeastern Virginia from their original coastal homes.

The typical Virginia migration pattern of early Virginia settlers and their descendants was to leave the coastal counties, migrate northeast and then south. George, Edward, John and Thomas Dillard, or their father, whoever he may have been, probably followed this pattern. Reasonable proof of family connections exist only after Dillards migrated from coastal Virginia areas inland as pointed out by William G. Hammell in his publication on the family history of a branch of Dillards who remained in the King and Queen County area.

A story linking many Dillards, including John Dillard of Rabun County, to wealthy planter James Stephen Dillard of King of Queen County which first appeared in a Montgomery, Albama newspaper article at the turn of the century, repeated and handed down for many decades, seems mostly fictional. Historians at Colonial Williamsburg know nothing of his existence. Other than being an entertaining, grand story and an easy answer to who one's ancestors are, it proves only the old saying quoted by a Dillard researcher "crooked as a geneologist". There was a James but probably never a James Stephen Dillard. For the most part most Dillard ancestors, just like most Dillards of today, were just plain people.

From where did George, the pioneer, originate? England we know. However, that is about it. The records behind George's arrival are even more murky and scant. Wilshire County, England appears most frequently in many tales passed on with no verification. These include that the Dillard family was originally French and came to England as Protestant refugees. Recent research by Miriam Dillard Klar indicates that few Dillards resided in England, but that many more Dillards reside in France. The Dillard story is not all tied together neat and tidy.

With better public records at a later time in an inland area, we know that it was while he was a resident of Pittsylvania County that John Dillard of Rabun County was sworn into the Virginia Militia in 1776 and served in the Revolutionary War. Most of his military service was under Thomas Dillard, Jr., his believed first cousin, who was captain over the county militia, to whom he had been "bound out" as an orphan following what is believed to have been the probable death of his father, Edward, who had earlier been excused from payment of quit rents by the vestry of Antrium Parish Church.

Ritchie's conclusion that John Dillard served under Captain James Dillard, husband of Revolutionary heroine Mary Ramage Dillard, was in error. James had before this time migrated to Laurens District, South Carolina and participated in separate military events, including the Battles of Kings Mountain and Cowpens. Ritchie picked the wrong name because the given name of "Captain Dillard" in John's Revolutionary pension application was not specified. Research was more difficult when Dr. Ritchie wrote his book than now.

John Dillard was in the Battle of Gwinn's Island in 1776 on the Chesapeake Bay where a bombardment from the British Fleet took place. John with many other "backwoods men" (as described in the affidavit before the Rabun County Inferior Court on his pension application) became sick and were taken back home to Pittsylvania County in baggage wagons. In 1778, he again served under Captain Thomas Dillard, Jr. and marched to Boone's Fort on the Kentucky River and later to the Ohio River where he built a stockade and two log cabins on an island in the river and where he was again sent back home with a group of sick men, including his captain, Thomas Dillard, Jr.

In 1780, John Dillard was a part of the Pittsylvania County Militia which joined General Greene on the Dan River in Halifax County against British Lord Cornwallis where he served as a Lieutenant under Colonel Issac Clemmons and Colonel Perkins and where he was dismissed without a written discharge in 1780. This was the Battle of Guilford Courthouse.

Following the close of the Revolutionary War in 1782, John Dillard along with his one-time guardian, Thomas Dillard, Jr. and William Gregory, (later alleged to be a Methodist minister who had also been "bound out" to Thomas Dillard, Jr.) left Pittsylvania, Virginia and migrated to Greasy Cove in Washington County, North Carolina, near what is now Erwin, Tennessee. Some of the family of the wife of Thomas Dillard, Jr. were already there. This territory was at that time the "wild west" frontier of the southeastern American colonies. In 1787, John Dillard was sworn in as an Ensign in the County Militia of Washington County, North Carolina during the internal political upheaval and Indian fighting in which that county was a part of the State of Franklin which had seceded from the State of North Carolina under its Governor, John Sevier. That territory is now part of the state of Tennessee just across the line from a then much larger Burke County, now Buncombe County, North Carolina.

Both John and James Dillard were already hardy "backwoods" pioneers who had done extensive moving in unchartered lands in new counties before they ever reached Rabun County. Once they bought out the lottery holders of the 1,000 acres of land in Rabun County, there is a family story that they had to buy it again from the Cherokee Indians who gave up the land on a trade for a muzzle loading rifle, a jug of apple brandy, a coon skinned cap and three dollars. James Dillard was later a Justice of the Peace and State Legislator from Rabun County in which he died in 1861.

James Dillard's three sons, John Barnett Dillard, William F. Dillard, (who was killed at Petersburg in the Civil War) and Albert G. Dillard along with his daughter, Mary Rebecca Dillard Dickerson, raised succeeding generations in Rabun County, Georgia. His daughter, Elizabeth Dillard Dryman, raised a large family in adjoining Macon County, North Carolina. A large number of their descendants are still there and nearby.

A successful 1992 Dillard Reunion was held at Dillard, Georgia, with well over 100 persons at the dinner meeting. Dillard history sessions have been held each year for three years. Many Dillards from lines outside the Rabun County Dillard line attended. Interest was expressed in learning about Dillards all over the United States.

Many things have changed in the intervening years from the June 29, 1941 Dillard Family Reunion. The pioneering spirit of a 68 year old man and his son who were willing to give up their established home of many years in Buncombe County to start a new life in unchartered land in new Rabun County, then recently ceded by the Cherokee Nation, and the same spirit of their ancestors in this country back to 1650, is the tradition which belongs to the Dillard family which will never change. It is worth documenting and preserving for future generations.



John Dillard, Backwoods Man. 1993 as revised. John M. Dillard.
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Descendants and Kin of John Dillard of Rabun County

With Civil War Service (1)

Confederate Units Included

The men below listed who were from Rabun County, Georgia or nearby and who are descendants or other kin of Revolutionary War soldier John Dillard of that county served in the following units of service:

Six --- consisting of William F. Dillard, Leander M. Beavert, William Marshall McKinney, William L. Dickerson, and James R. Lambert --- served in the 24th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry (Rabun County Riflemen), Company E. John H. Corn served in Company D of the same regiment. The 24th Georgia Regiment after being called for duty to Goldsboro, North Carolina as a part of the Army of Northern Virginia engaged in heavy combat and suffered severe casualties in Second Manassas, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville (in which Lee attacked and defeated with 60,000 men Union General Hooker's 130,000 men), Gettysburg, Knoxville, Cedar Creek and the final siege and surrender at Petersburg and Richmond. It was also engaged in combat in the Wilderness and Spotsylvania. Out of its 303 troops at Gettysburg, seventeen percent were disabled. Many were captured at Sayler's Creek. Only four officers and 56 men surrendered on April 9, 1865.(2)

Eight --- consisting of James Madison Ritchie, Riley Burton Richie, William L. Dickerson, William A. Martin, Jasper Hopper, James M. Neville, John Barnett Dillard and William Barnett Dillard (the last two named first served in the 4th Georgia Cavalry state militia as hereinafter mentioned) --- served in the 11th Georgia Cavalry, Company F. James Madison Ritchie appears to have also served in Company E, Young's Battalion which was a part of the 11th Regiment formed out of the 30th Cavalry Battalion. The 11th Infantry Regiment, organized in the spring of 1861, was assigned to the Potomac District under General G. T. Anderson's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. It fought in the Seven Days' Battle, Cold Harbor and at Knoxville. It took part in the Petersburg siege and was active in conflicts around Appomattox. It lost 65 percent of its troops at Gettysburg. It surrendered at the end of the war with 16 officers and 176 men.(3) Thomas Hopper served in the 52nd Georgia Regiment, Company F. This regiment was organized in April of 1862 principally from men from the Georgia counties of Habersham, White, Towns, and Fannin. It took part in the Cumberland Gap operations and then moved to Kentucky and later Mississippi. When Vicksburg fell, it was a part of the garrison which was captured. Exchanged and assigned to General Stovall's Brigade, it fought with the Army of Tennessee from Missionary Ridge to Nashville. (4)

Three --- John Barnett Dillard and his brother, Albert George Dillard, and William Barnett Dillard, son of Albert George Dillard, --- served in the 4th Georgia Cavalry (State Guards), H. W. Cannon's Company in Colonel Robert White's Regiment. Early in the war some 250 companies of Georgians enlisted in the state militia.(5) The Georgia 4th Cavalry was mustered out of service on February 4, 1864 in that the terms of the enlistments of the troops had expired.(6) This was set forth in a letter from Major General Howell Cobb, Commanding Officer. No history of combat for this regiment has been found, but the Georgia militia served with the regular Confederate troops during the Atlanta Campaign and in opposing Sherman’s March to the Sea.(7) As above indicated, John Barnett Dillard and William Barnett Dillard joined the 11th Georgia Cavalry, Company F to continue fighting in the war.

A. J. Martin served in the Home Guard. The Home Guard consisted of men too old or too young to serve in combat and played a significant role in the Confederate effort.

George W. A. McKinney served in the 64th Georgia Regiment (Georgia Volunteers), Company B. Its men were recruited principally from Warren and Johnson counties. It shared in the battles, skirmishes and hardships of the Petersburg siege and the Appomattox operations. When this regiment surrendered, only nine officers and 93 men were present.(8)

James Bryan Conley served in the North Carolina 16th Regiment, Infantry (Thomas' Legion). Thomas' Legion, organized by William Holland Thomas who married a Dillard descendant, was state militia which consisted of Cherokee Indians and mountaineers principally from Western North Carolina in the brutal struggle between the residents of North Carolina and the strong Unionists in bordering Tennessee. This legion was often in conflict with both federal and state authorities in its unique role.(9) R.G.A. Love of Haywood County served as regimental lieutenant colonel and James R. Love and Dillard L. Love, all Thomas Dillard, Jr. descendants, served as company officers in this regiment.(10) The 16th Regiment was engaged in heavy combat in Virginia at Seven Pines, Mechanicsville, Frazier's Farm, Cold Harbor, Cedar Run, Second Manassas, Harper's Ferry, and Fredericksburg. Of the 321 engaged at Gettysburg, thirty seven percent were disabled.(11)

George W. L. Kelley served in Company G of North Carolina troops in battle at Malvern Hill. Brothers, Andrew J. Martin and James Monroe Martin, were residents of Rabun County, Georgia but one of them married a South Carolinian. Both served in South Carolina Ist Regiment, Orr's Rifles, Company A. This regiment was organized at Sandy Springs, South Carolina (Anderson County) in July, 1861. Its men were principally residents of Abbeville, Pickens, Anderson and Marion Counties, South Carolina. It was assigned to General Gregg's and McGowan's brigade and fought with the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days' Battle to Cold Harbor. It was involved in the Petersburg trenches and the Appomattox activities. Of 537 engaged in combat at Gaines' Mill, fifty nine percent were killed, wounded or missing. It sustained 116 casualties at Second Manassas and 170 at Fredericksburg. It surrendered with nine officers and 48 men.

Details on Individuals

For the reader to more easily follow the information which follows, the children of Revolutionary soldier John Dillard, who settled Rabun County when he was past sixty years of age were: Thomas Dillard, William F. Dillard, John Dillard, Jr., James Dillard, Mary Rebecca Dillard Dickerson, Elizabeth Dillard Dryman and Sara Dillard Davis. There were possibly other daughters whose names are unknown. The children of James Dillard (son of Revolutionary soldier John Dillard) and his wife, Sarah Barnard Dillard, the core of the Rabun County, Dillards, are given in another article herein.

William Franklin Dillard, son of James Dillard and Sarah Barnard Dillard, born June 20, 1833 died at General Hospital No. 1 in Lynchburg, Virginia of pneumonia on January 15, 1863 where he is buried in a government cemetery at Lynchburg, Virginia in No. 1, 1st line, Lot 183 Clayton's Factory. He was listed as a private in Co. E., 24th Ga. Reg., Army of Northern Virginia.(12) National Archives File No. 433b on "W. F. Dillard" verifies that he was a private in Company E, 24th Georgia Cavalry (Confederate).

His Statement of Service Slip reads (apparently correspondence had been conducted with the Commissioner of Pensions, State of Georgia with an unknown party) "state. made, arch div. anything add" and "nothing additional found". A report of sick and wounded states that he was in General Hospital No. 1 at Lynchburg, Virginia for the month of January, 1863. Discharges on Surgeon's Certificate and Deaths notes indicate that he died from pneumonia on January 15, 18 _ (the year was left blank). The Register of Deceased Soldiers turned over to Quartermasters, C.S.A. filed in 1864, No. 4812 notes a credit to his account in the sum of $55.50.(13) William F. Dillard resided on the middle one?third of James Dillard’s original 1000 acres.

His home place, which now stands, is owned by B.Malcolm Dillard. William F. Dillard married Jeanette Gibson, who died a few years after William F. Dillard did not return from the Civil War. She is buried in the Gibson cemetery on top of Scruggs Mountain near Rabun Nacoochee College. His death at Lynchburg, Virginia was not known about until recent years. He and his wife were survived by three small children who were taken in and raised by members of Wesley Chapel Methodist Church, including the Ritchie, Neville and Powell families. The William F. Dillard house was closed down until these three children became of age. The William F. Dillard property was divided and later owned by the descendants of these three children in three parts, where present descendants still reside.

John Barnett Dillard, born May 1, 1827 and who died on October 25, 1895, shown as age 23 on the 1860 Rabun County census, was the second son of James Dillard and Sarah Barnard Dillard. He was born and died in Rabun County, Georgia. It is thought that his real name may have been Barnard in that Barnett is a common misspelling of Barnard, but "Barnett" was used in Confederate records. Militia District No. 556 was created in Rabun County on December 14, 1863 under an act of the Georgia Legislature reorganizing the state militia. Both John B. Dillard, his brother, Albert George Dillard, and his brother's son, William Barnett Dillard, were members of this militia on the records of the Adjutant General of Georgia. He was listed under the name "Barnnett Dillard" in the Georgia 4th Cavalry (State Guards), Cannon's Company.(14) This is the same company in which his older brother, Albert George Dillard, served. Records of the National Archives No. 177 lists "Barrett Dillard" as a private in Cannon's Company, 4 Georgia Cavalry (State Guards). This record is undated.

A further undated record in the National Archives lists "Barrett Dillard" on the muster roll for six months in Company D of Georgia 4th Cavalry (State Guards) as a private in Captain H. W. Cannon's Company (Brown Mountain Riflemen), Colonel Robert White's Regiment, Georgia.

It is recorded in Register of Commissions issued for the Georgia Militia in the Adjutant General’s office at page 103 that John B. Dillard was Captain of the 556th District of the 7th Division, 1st Brigade at Clayton in Rabun County on July 19, 1862. His signature on a letter accepting his commission dated January 17, 1863 is filed in correspondence with the Georgia Adjutant General.

John Barnett Dillard was mustered in on May 25, 1864 as a regular in the Confederate Army after the 4th Cavalry was mustered out of service in February, 1864. The Georgia Confederate Pensions and Records Department in its compiled commission and rosters shows John Barnett Dillard on May 25, 1864 as a 5th Sergeant on the Muster Roll of Company F, 11th Regiment of Georgia, (formerly the 30th Battalion Georgia Cavalry) Cavalry known as Harmon’s Brigade and as “Rabun Gap Defenders”. (15) He was described in this record as age 37, five feet, 9 inches tall with blue eyes and dark hair. The 11th Regiment was involved in heavy combat in Virginia and elsewhere, including Petersburg, Cold Harbor and Gettysburg.

Handwritten memoranda given by the late Addie Corn Ritchie to John M. Dillard some thirty years ago state that John Barnett Dillard was hospitalized in Augusta, Georgia for five months for injuries he received during the Civil War. Available records do not disclose where these injuries were received. Trade journals list "John B. Dillard, postmaster and grist mill" and "Dillard House, John B. Dillard, propr" at the Head of the Tennessee Post Office, Rabun County, Georgia.(16) An uncompleted and undated letter prepared by the late Rose Dillard Hutchins a year or so before she died states that the "original Dillard House" was the two story home of John B. Dillard, located close to the road in which the Dillard Post Office was housed for many years. The kitchen was separated from the main house. A slave family resided in a cabin in the rear. The John B. Dillard lands comprised the southern one?third of James Dillard's property surrounded by the present Baptist church, northeast of which near the road the home place stood. A portion of this property was later owned by his son, Beavert R. Dillard, and is now owned by his great grandson, Edward R. Dillard. "J. B. Dillard, grist mill" was among the list of farmers in 1883 at Rabun Gap Post Office, also known as the Head of the Tennessee Post Office.(17)

Barnett Dillard (Ritchie referred to him as “Barnard”) made the pulpit for the wooden church building, construction of which was started in 1882 and completed several years later. This pulpit was refinished and placed in the building in use in 1963.(18) He married Rachel Matilda McKinney, who was born on June 3, 1831 and died June 17, 1899, and their ten children are set forth in a separate article which follows. John B. Dillard, his wife and three of his children are buried in the Head of the Tennessee Baptist Church Cemetery at Dillard, Georgia.

Albert George Dillard, a son of James and Sarah Barnard Dillard, born April 21, 1824 who died June 14, 1890, was on the list of those eligible for military service in Ritchie's Sketches of Rabun County History. He would have been at this time aged 26. He was born, lived and died in Rabun County and is buried at the Head of the Tennessee Baptist Church. He married Elizabeth Ann (“Betsy”) McKinney (born November 10, 1823, died February 28, 1919) on December 3, 1846. The names of his children are given in an article which follows. Albert Dillard along with his brother, Barnett, was enrolled in the state militia in District 556 according to the records of the Adjutant General of Georgia. His oldest child, William B. Dillard, listed below, was also listed as a member of this militia unit.(19) National Archives records state that he was on the muster roll for at least six months, but this record, like his brother's record, is undated. His obituary in an unknown farmers’ publication states (20) that he died at age 66 of a heart attack in the Head of the Tennessee Baptist Church while attending a Farmers Alliance meeting. The Albert George Dillard one story log home place (shown in photograph owned by Lillian Dillard Taylor of a birthday party for Betsy McKinney Dillard, his wife) was near the North Carolina state line in that he occupied the northernmost one third portion of the James Dillard lands. This house was moved from the path of the Blue Ridge Railroad when it was first constructed. A. G. Dillard was listed as a blacksmith and as a farmer at Head of Tennessee Post Office in early trade journals.(21)

William Barnett Dillard, a son of Albert George Dillard and Elizabeth (Betsy) McKinney Dillard, is above mentioned as being in the Georgia state militia in Rabun County when he was only sixteen years of age. He is later shown on the Georgia Confederate Pensions and Records Department and on the muster roll of Company F, 11th Regiment of Georgia, Cavalry or in the “Rabun Gap Defenders” along with his uncle, John Barnett Dillard. He was on the muster roll as a private on May 25, 1864 and “at home at Jones farm near Savannah, Georgia sick with the measles March, 1865 to the close of the war”. He died on April 22, 1906.

Leander M. Beavert was born on October 27, 1829 and died January 23, 1907. He married Margaret McKinney, a daughter of William McKinney and Margaret Anderson McKinney who were nearby neighbors of the James Dillard family. His wife, Margaret McKinney Beavert, received a pension on account of infirmity and poverty stating he enlisted in May 1861 in Co. E., 24th Ga. Reg. This was Rabun County Riflemen, Co. E, 24th Georgia Regiment, Army of Northern Virginia. He enlisted in May, 1861, was a first lieutenant by August 24, 1861 and was made a captain on July 20, 1864. The Muster Roll of Company E, 24th Georgia Volunteers, Infantry of C. S. Army shows that he was promoted from first lieutenant to captain in April, 1964. He is buried with his wife and their "adopted" daughters at Wesley Chapel Cemetery in Dillard, Georgia.(22)

George Washington Anderson McKinney was a son of William McKinney and Margaret Anderson McKinney. He was born April 14, 1826 and died in Polk County, Georgia on July 26, 1901. He was a private in Company B. 65th Regiment of Georgia Volunteers. He served as an army nurse at Frank Ramsey Hospital in Cassville, Georgia and was discharged in 1864 upon his appointment as clerk of the Inferior Court of Townes County, but subsequently reenlisted for service.(23) For the reader to follow the information about the McKinneys contained herein, the children of William McKinney and Margaret Anderson McKinney, who migrated from Buncombe County into Rabun County, were George Washington Anderson McKinney, Doctor Tatum McKinney, Charles Lafayette McKinney, William Marshall McKinney, Elizabeth (“Betsy”) McKinney who married Albert George Dillard, Rachel M. McKinney who married John Barnett Dillard and Margaret McKinney who married Leander M. Beavert.(24)

Charles Lafayette McKinney was born April 24, 1834 and died in Townes County on September 21, 1863 at 29 years of age. According to his family tradition his early death was attributable to wounds he received during the Civil War. No service record has been found for him to date. He was a brother of George Washington Anderson McKinney.

William Marshall McKinney was born January 26, 1837 (shown as age 23 on the 1860 Rabun County census) and died in Texas in 1903. He was a first corporal on August 21, 1861 and reported as a deserter on October 1, 1864(25) He was a brother of George Washington Anderson McKinney(26). Ritchie in his Rabun County history confused him with his father, William McKinney, who died in 1859 and was erroneously identified by Ritchie at page 192 as enlisting as a corporal in 1861. The Muster Roll of Company E, 24th Regiment, Georgia Volunteers, Infantry, C. S. Army, lists William M. McKinney.

Doctor Tatum McKinney was shown as age 20 on the 1860 Rabun County census in the household of his mother, Margaret. He was born February 10, 1840 and killed in Confederate Service at age 22 in December, 1862. He served as a second corporal in Company E, 24th Regiment of Georgia Volunteers comprising the "Rabun Gap Riflemen".(27) He was a brother of George Washington Anderson McKinney. The Muster Roll of Company E, 24th Regiment, Georgia Volunteers, Infantry, Confederate States Army, lists Doctor T. McKinney along with his brother, William M. McKinney.

James R. Lambert was born in Macon County, North Carolina on December 21, 1842 to William McDowell Lambert and Caroline Dillard, daughter of James and Sarah Barnard Dillard. Caroline Dillard Lambert died when he was nine days old. Shown on the 1850 census of Rabun Gap, he was raised by James and Sarah Barnard Dillard. He was the only additional person listed in their household on the 1860 Census of Rabun County. He enlisted with 24th Georgia, Company E on August 24, 1861. He participated in the battles of Yorktown, Seven Days, Malvern Hill and the Battle of South Carolina in Maryland. He was wounded in 1862 by a miniball which broke both bones in his left leg below the knee. He was captured and sent to a U.S. Army hospital in Burkettsville, Maryland. It was there that he refused to permit a Union surgeon to amputate his leg. He was later transferred as a prisoner of war to Fort McHenry near Baltimore and was paroled in November, 1862. After spending time in Confederate hospitals, in December 1864 he was retired to Invalid Corps. He remained in Georgia, where he signed the Reconstruction Oath Book in April, 1868. He migrated to Wood County, Texas, where he married Sarah Vaughn in 1880. They farmed and were the parents of five children, including Jesse Dillard Lambert. He died in 1902 and is buried in Concord Cemetery in Wood County, Texas. Sarah Vaughn Lambert applied for a widow's pension in 1915, which she received from the state of Texas until her death in 1929.(28)

James Madison Ritchie is shown as age 33 on the 1860 Rabun County census. He married Elizabeth Dickerson, a daughter of Obediah Terry Dickerson and Mary Dillard Dickerson (a daughter of Revolutionary soldier John Dillard of Rabun County). He served in Company E, Young's Battalion which was a part of the 11th Regiment formed out of the 30th Cavalry Battalion. He is also listed with service in Company F of the 11th Georgia Cavalry. According to Georgia Pension records, he was on the muster roll as a private on May 25, 1864 and surrendered at Columbia, South Carolina on April 26, 1865. His wife, Elizabeth, filed for a widow's pension based on his Confederate service. He was born on January 6, 1825 and died a resident of Rabun County on June 12, 1909.(29) He was involved in the California gold rush and returned home in 1856 to marry. He served as a member of the House of Representatives and as state senator from Rabun County. He is buried in Wesley Chapel Methodist Cemetery at Dillard. The children of James Madison Ritchie and Elizabeth Dickerson were Mary Rebecca, who married Zachariah Barnard Dillard; James Riley "Bud" Ritchie who married Lavania Caroline Marinda Lucinda Carter; John F. Ritchie who married Margaret Texano (“Texie”) Kelly; William Robert Lee Ritchie who married Sarah Carter; and Thomas Jefferson Ritchie who married Ada Green and, on her death, Lizzie Garland Vanhook.(30)

Riley Burton Ritchie was a brother of James Madison Ritchie. He married Sarah Ann Martin, a daughter of A. J. Martin and Marinda Dillard Martin (daughter of James and Sarah Barnard Dillard). His service was in Company F, 11th Georgia Cavalry. He was a private on May 25, 1864 and surrendered at Columbia, South Carolina on April 26, 1865. His wife applied for a Confederate widow's pension.

Thomas Hopper is included herein as a first cousin to the wives of John Barnett Dillard, Albert G. Dillard and Leander M. Beavert. He is shown as age 35 on the 1860 census of Rabun County with wife Louisa. He enlisted in March 1862 in Company F, 52nd Georgia Regiment, Beauregard Braves from Rabun County, and died in a Lauderdale Springs, Mississippi hospital in May, 1863 from measles. He was a 4th Corporal. His widow Louisa applied for a widow's pension under the 1891 Georgia legislative act paying widows of Confederate servicemen.

Joseph Hopper was age 29 on the 1860 Rabun County census of the Valley District. He was a brother to Jasper and Henry Hopper. He was a private on March 4, 1862.(31) He is shown as having enlisted in Company F, 11th Regiment Georgia. He was in the Cavalry on May 25, 1864.

Jasper Hopper served with other Rabun County men as volunteers in the brutal war involving the Seminole Indians in Florida in 1835.(32) Georgia Confederate Pensions and Records Department in commissions and rosters compiled by the commission records state that Jasper Hopper served in Company F, 11th Regiment of Georgia (Harmon’s Brigade), known as the “Rabun County Riflemen,” as a private on May 25, 1864. He was captured at Waynesboro, Georgia on December 4, 1864, paroled at Point Lookout, Maryland on February 18, 1865 and received at Boulware Cox’s Wharves, James River, Virginia for exchange on February 20, 1865.(33)

William L. Dickerson was a grandson of Obediah Terry Dickerson (whose wife was Mary Dillard, daughter of Revolutionary soldier John Dillard). He was born in 1844 and died in 1923. His parents were William Terry Dickerson and Adelaine Keener. He is listed in the Beauregard Braves of Rabun County as a private. He served in Company F of 52nd Georgia Regiment and in Company E of the 24th Georgia Regiment. He was captured at Baker's Creek, Mississippi on May 16, 1863, paroled at Fort Delaware on July 3, 1863 and exchanged July 4, 1863 and was in City Point, Virginia by July 6, 1863. He surrendered at Appomattox, Virginia on April 9, 1865.(34) His wife filed for a confederate pension. He is buried in Blue Heights Cemetery.

Andrew Jackson Martin would have been age 46 on the 1860 Rabun County census on which he was shown. He was married to Marinda Dillard, daughter of James Dillard and Sallie Barnard Dillard. Born on July 18, 1814, he served in the Home Guard. He died July 3, 1898. Three of his sons with Confederate service are listed below.

William A. Martin, son of A. J. Martin and Marinda Dillard Martin, served in Company F of the 11th Georgia Cavalry. He was born December 17, 1844. Georgia Department of Pensions and Records report that he was on the muster roll as a private on May 25, 1864 and surrendered at Stateboro, North Carolina in 1865. Born in Georgia, he died near Dillard, Georgia on March 31, 1930.

Andrew Jackson Martin (Jr.), a son of A. J. Martin and Marinda Dillard Martin, was wounded in the Confederate Army at Seven Pines. He was born on December 14, 1842 and died on August 11, 1862. Andrew J. Martin enlisted as a private in S. C. 1st (Orr's) Rifles, Company A, at Sullivan's Island, South Carolina on November 9, 1861.(35) He was on the muster roll of this company at Sullivan's Island located on the South Carolina coast for some time. His service was for three years. This record states that at the time of his death he was a farmer, born in Rabun County, Georgia, age 19, with blue eyes and fair complexion, 5 feet 11 and one?half inches tall with dark hair. His service record reports that he died on August 11, 1862. Where he died and the cause of his death is "not stated."(36) Family tradition is that he died in a Confederate hospital in either Columbia, South Carolina or Richmond, Virginia.(37) His brother, James Monroe Martin, married a South Carolinian which explains why both served in South Carolina instead of Georgia.

James Monroe Martin, son of A. J. Martin and Marinda Dillard Martin, was age 22 on the 1860 Rabun County census. He was born in September, 1837.(38) He was listed in South Carolina 1st (Orr's) Rifles, Company A, which is the same regiment and company in which his brother, Andrew J. Martin, served.(39) James M. Martin enlisted as a private at Camp Jackson in South Carolina on July 1, 1862. He was present at several musters at this location up to 1863. He was reported as transferred from Richmond, Virginia Hospital No. 9 to Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond on February 21, 1863.

The record appears to read that he was suffering from "secondary hepatitis". This record further reports that he was returned to duty on March 14, 1863. He was taken as a prisoner at Spotsylvania, Virginia on May 12, 1864. After this date the record shows no further facts about James M. Martin. Family tradition is that he was killed in Confederate service at Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia in April, 1864.(40)

George W. L. Kelley was the husband of Nancy Martin, a daughter of A. J. Martin and Marinda Dillard Martin, who was a daughter of James Dillard and Sarah Barnard Dillard. He enlisted on June 22, 1862.(41) He was wounded on July 1, 1962 at Malvern Hill. His connection appears to have been through Company G of North Carolina Troops. The fact that he was wounded at Malvern Hill indicates that he was in the same combat as the 24th Georgia Regiment, Company E, consisting of several Rabun County, Georgia residents.

James Alexander McCarter (Mack) Neville, was the husband of Margaret Dillard, a daughter of James Dillard and Sarah Barnard Dillard. He served in Company F. 11th Georgia Cavalry.(42) He was born on March 29, 1832 and died July 11, 1904 and is buried in Wesley Chapel Cemetery, Dillard, Georgia.

James Bryan Conley, born in 1842, was the oldest of the ten children of Horatio Nelson Conley of Otto, Macon County, North Carolina, who married Arzelia Dillard, a daughter of James Dillard and Sarah Barnard Dillard. James Bryan Conley enlisted in Confederate service on May 14, 1861 as a private in Company H. 6th Regiment and received a bounty of ten dollars. His regiment was reorganized on May 20, 1862 and became Companies A through E, Infantry Regiment, Thomas' Legion, North Carolina troops. This designation was changed to 16th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry (State Troops). He was wounded at the battle of Seven Pines on June 15 or 16, 1862, which was just prior to the Battle of Mechanicsville. He died in service in Richmond, Virginia late in July, 1862. Documents filed by his father on December 26, 1862 requested his back salary which was in the sum of $20.91. Family stories say that his parents went by train to Richmond and brought his body back for burial in the Conley family cemetery near Otto. At the same time, his parents brought back the body of a fourteen year old boy who had died with no known relatives in order to bury him, too, with a Christian burial. The Conley family cemetery has tall headstones marking the grave of Horatio Nelson Conley and Arzelia Dillard Conley, but there is no gravestone marking the grave of James Bryan Conley. The last known descendant buried in this cemetery was Caroline Clarissa Conley, who tended the cemetery until her death in 1911.(43)

John H. Corn of Hiawassee, Georgia, married Sarah ("Sallie") Dillard, daughter of John B. Dillard, Sr. and Rachel McKinney Dillard. Numerous children were born of this marriage, including Addie Corn who married Dr. A. J. Ritchie. John H. Corn served as a Captain in Company D, 24th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry, Army of Northern Virginia. His service record extends from August 21, 1861 through May 12, 1862.(44) Many of the members of the Corn family, including John H. Corn and his wife, are buried near Hiawassee in a private cemetery on the family farm near Lower Hightower Baptist Church.

Civil War Conditions in Rabun County

Georgia seceded from the Union on January 19, 1861. The two delegates from Rabun County, Samuel Beck and Horace Cannon, voted against secession from the Union in the convention called by the Georgia Legislature at Milledgeville after the election of Lincoln. This was typical of the climate of opinion of the populace in mountainous regions of the South, including Rabun County. See Rabun County and Its People, id., page 83 relying upon Lillian Henderson's Roster of Confederate Soldiers of Georgia, id., volumes 3 and 4. The Confederate Congress passed an act authorizing the creation of local defense troops on August 21, 1861.

A. J. Ritchie, id., at pages 274 and 275 lists the names of men who were subject to military duty in 1862 in the cause of the Confederate Government, (citing records of Georgia Department of Archives and History). Ritchie points out at page 273 that this list was as a result of a Confederate act passed in 1862 which included all men between the ages of 18 and 35 years of age. In 1864 this was amended to include men between the ages of 17 and 50. A. G. Dillard, W. F. Dillard, J. B. Dillard, J. R. McKinney, Joseph, Jasper, Thomas and James Hopper were included on this 1862 list. Governor Joseph E. Brown, a firm believer in states’ rights, used the Georgia state militia as a sanctuary to keep its citizens from being drafted into the Confederate Army.(45) On December 14, 1863, the Georgia Legislature enacted statutes reorganizing the state militia. This legislation required the enrolling of free white males in designated military districts in the state, with such lists to be filed with the state Adjutant and Inspector General.

Shown on the list filed with the Adjutant General in 1863 for the 40th Senatorial District (Rabun County), Military Districts No. 556 and 587 were J. B. Dillard, age 36 and 9 months, farmer; A. G. Dillard, age 39 and 6 months, a “smith” with a “good” rifle; W. B. Dillard, age 16 and five months, a farmer; Jasper Hopper, age 45 and three months, born in Tennessee, with a rifle; A. J. Martin, age 49, a farmer with a shotgun; William Martin, age 19, a farmer; James M. Richey, 39, a farmer, born in South Carolina; and R. B. Richey, age 34, a farmer born in South Carolina. Substantially the same persons were shown on a separate list in the same year in Militia District 556 of Rabun County.

This state militia legislation resulted in service by many residents in the Georgia 4th Cavalry which was mustered out of service on February 4, 1864 in that the terms of the enlistments of the troops had expired. No combat history for this regiment has been found, but the Georgia militia served with the regular Confederate troops during the Atlanta Campaign and in opposing Sherman’s March to the Sea.(46) Among the sixty Rabun County families in 1862 who were slave owners were William F. Dillard, John Barnett Dillard and Albert George Dillard, Margaret McKinney, then a widow, and Jasper Hopper. Most owned two slaves.(47) Farms were small and most slaves were owned by residents of the rich flat land "Valley District".(48)

During the Civil War there were not enough men left in Rabun County to produce enough corn to make bread.(49) In 1863 the Georgia Legislature was forced to enact legislation for the relief of families of men in service. Inflated Confederate currency made it almost impossible to obtain sugar, salt and coffee. Salt was hauled from Walhalla.(50) In the Rabun County area after the Civil War, farming was the industry of the county with only a grist mill and some scattered sawmills. The failure of the Blue Ridge Railroad employing what Ritchie says was 2000 people before the Civil War, resulted in adverse social and economic conditions.(51) Farms were reduced in size and economic viability in that they were divided among the grandchildren of the settlers. However, the economic value of the "open range" of the mountains was still available to the small farm owners.

Cass County, Georgia Dillards

The following are descendants of John Dillard, Jr., born about 1780, a son of John Dillard of Rabun County, Georgia, who with his wife, Rhoda Lee, left the rest of the family while it resided in Buncombe County, North Carolina. He migrated first to Knox County, Kentucky, then back to Monroe County, Tennessee and finally to Cass County, Georgia (now Gordon County), in the last of which counties he died about 1847. The children of John Dillard, Jr. and Rhoda Lee are as follows: Elijah Dillard, William Dillard, Mary (Polly) Dillard, Sarah Dillard Campbell, Fannie Dillard, Charlotte (Lotty) Dillard, Nancy Jane Dillard, Edith Dillard and Cynthia Dillard.(52)

Elijah Dillard was born 1802 and died in 1856. He was a son of John Dillard, Jr. and grandson of John Dillard of Rabun County. His sons included Love Dillard and William Greenbury Clay Dillard. Elijah Dillard served in Company F. 4th Infantry of Georgia.(53)

Love Dillard, a son of Elijah Dillard and grandson of John Dillard, Jr. was born in 1839. He served in Toombs Volunteers, 4th Georgia Infantry, Dole's and Goode's Brigade which was organized in Gordon County, Georgia on April 29, 1861.

Samuel Dillard, a son of William Dillard (1805-1878) and Nancy Dillard, grandson of John Dillard, Jr., was born February 10, 1829 and died January 4, 1907. He served in Company D, 8th Georgia Battalion, Gist's Brigade, Walker Division, Army of Tennessee which was organized in Gordon County, Georgia on October 11, 1861.(54) Samuel Dillard was a witness for the pension claim of Charlotte Taylor of Gordon County.(55)

Mannerly Dillard, born about 1830, was another son of William Dillard (1805-1878) and grandson of John Dillard, Jr. He is listed as "M. Dillard" who served in the Georgia 2nd Cavalry of Company D.(56)

M.M. Dillard, another son of William Dillard, born about 1843, was a captain in the Georgia 1st Infantry (State Guards), Company G.(57) Robert Dillard, a brother of M.M. Dillard in this same family, born about 1827, is listed in the Georgia Infantry, 14th BN (State Guards) in Company H.(58)

Bradley K. Dillard, another brother, born about 1835, served in the Georgia 4th Infantry, Company F. Dole's and Goode's Brigade. He was born on November 20, 1835 and died on March 27, 1892.(59)

W.W. Dillard, served in Company 1, 1st Regiment, Georgia Cavalry, Crew's Brigade, which was recruited from Gordon, Floyd, Cherokee, Bartow, Walker and Paulding Counties in 1862. It is uncertain according to Janelle Knight whether or not he was a descendant of John Dillard, Jr.

William Greenbury Clay Dillard, Jr., a son of W.G.C. Dillard, a son of Elijah Dillard who in turn was a son of John Dillard, Jr., born about 1832, was in the Georgia 1st Infantry (State Guards), Company G, as a first Sergeant.(60) He had a first cousin by the same name, who was the son of William Dillard.

Greene County, Missouri Dillards

The following with Civil War service are the descendants of William F. Dillard, son of John Dillard of Rabun County, who migrated to Knox County, Kentucky and later to Greene County, Missouri. The children of William F. Dillard and his wife, Sarah Gregory Dillard, were: Mary Love Dillard, Stephen Morgan Dillard, Samuel Dillard, John McCord Dillard, Elizabeth Candace Dillard Maddy, Robert D. Dillard, Frances Dillard Price, James Dillard, Amanda J. Dillard, Cynthia Caroline Dillard Breedlove, George Anderson Dillard, William Smith Dillard, and Sarah V. Dillard Smith.(61)

Robert H. Dillard, son of Robert D. Dillard and great grandson of Revolutionary soldier John Dillard, was born in Greene County, Missouri in 1842 and died at Helena, Arkansas in the Civil War on December 21, 1862 in the Union Army. He is buried at Memphis, Tennessee National Cemetery in Section H. Grave 4237. He enlisted on September 10, 1861 in Company A, 6th Regiment Missouri Cavalry and had the rank of corporal.

Robert D. Dillard, a son of William F. Dillard and Sarah Gregory Dillard, and grandson of Revolutionary soldier John Dillard, was born in Knox County, Kentucky on December 8, 1811 and died in Greene County, Missouri on May 25, 1899 where he is buried in Palmetto Cemetery. His wife was Margaret E. Smith. He enlisted in the Union Army on December 6, 1861 at Rolla, Missouri in Company B. 6th Cavalry, Missouri. He was a first lieutenant in the Red River Campaign and at Sabine Cross Roads. In 1890 he applied for a pension and received $12.00 per month until his death.

James Monroe Breedlove married Cynthia Caroline Dillard, a daughter of William F. Dillard and Sarah Gregory Dillard. He was a private in Company C, 8th Regiment, Missouri Volunteer Cavalry of the Union Army. He was shot in the head while guarding an ambulance traveling from Brownville, Arkansas to Austin, Arkansas. He married Jane Russell, his second wife, in 1899.

George Anderson Dillard, a son of William F. Dillard and Sarah Gregory Dillard, was born in Monroe County, Tennessee on December 4, 1826 and died in Greene County, Missouri on October 16, 1903 where he is buried in Danforth Cemetery. He married Eliza Jane Gibson in 1849. In 1862, he was commissioned as captain of the enrolled militia and was engaged in the defense of Springfield, Missouri. In that same year he was captain of Company E, 72nd Regiment of the Enrolled Militia and was discharged in 1865.

William Smith Dillard, a son of William F. Dillard and Sarah Gregory Dillard, was born in Monroe County, Tennessee on October 11, 1828 and died in Greene County, Missouri on January 25, 1902. He is buried in Danforth Cemetery. His wife was Nancy E. Langely. He served in the Missouri militia 72nd Regiment of the Union Army and was in the Marmaduke fight at Springfield, Missouri.

Independence County, Arkansas Dillards

Thomas Dillard, oldest son of John Dillard of Rabun County, Georgia, was born in Pittsylvania County, Virginia about 1776. He left the rest of his family in Buncombe County, North Carolina and settled in Independence County, Arkansas where he died in 1835. The known children of Thomas Dillard and his wife, Mary Ann Wood Dillard, were: William M. Dillard, John V. Dillard, Thomas Dillard, Jr., Elizabeth Ann Dillard Ball, Nancy Dillard Bruce, and Mary (Polly) Dillard Cason.

Jonathan Wood Wideman, grandson of Thomas Dillard, born 1831, died in 1863 in the Civil War. His mother's given name is unknown.

Thomas J. Bruce, another grandson of Thomas Dillard, died in the Union Army from measles about 1863. He was from Helena, Phillips County, Arkansas. His mother was Nancy Dillard Bruce.

Benjamin Franklin Bruce, born in Independence County in 1836, another grandson of Thomas Dillard, who died in 1905, served in the Union Army.

Clinton Monroe Ball, whose mother was Elizabeth Ann Dillard Ball, a daughter of Thomas Dillard, was born in Independence County in 1834 and died in 1910. He served in the Union Army during the Civil War.

Elbridge Mason Ball, brother to Clinton Monroe Ball, born in 1836, served in the Union Army and was hanged by Confederate soldiers near his home on May 5, 1864 upon his return from service. The residents of Independence County were split among allegiance to the North and South and feelings ran high.

John Bunion Cason, husband of Mary (Polly) Dillard Cason, daughter of Thomas Dillard, died of dysentery in service and was buried at Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery in St. Louis, Missouri. He served in Company A, 1st Arkansas Volunteers.

Clinton Bradley, husband of Susan Gincy Cason, a granddaughter of Thomas Dillard, served in the 1st Arkansas Volunteers, Company A, Union Army and died in service. He is buried at Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery in St. Louis, Missouri.

Thomas Dillard, Jr., a son of Thomas Dillard, of Batesville, Independence County, Arkansas, served as a private in Company B. 1st Battalion, 2nd Regiment. He was born about 1818 and died in 1872.(62)

Western North Carolina: Thomas Dillard, Jr. Line

John Dillard of Rabun County with his sister, Ann, were "bound out" to Thomas Dillard, Jr., his first cousin, while both resided in Halifax County, later Pittsylvania County, Virginia. They later went together to Washington County, North Carolina (now Tennessee), where Thomas Dillard, Jr. died in 1784. John Dillard resided in Washington County until he migrated to Buncombe County, North Carolina about 1789. The children of Thomas Dillard, Jr. and his wife, Martha Webb Dillard, were: Elizabeth Dillard Hutchings (married Charles Hutchings), Benjamin Dillard (married Anne Ward Lynch) , Winnesophia Dillard (married James Love), Mary Ann Dillard (married James Robert Love (63)), Thomas Dillard, III (married Dorcus Love), Stacy Dillard Elkins (married Gabriel Elkins), Martha Dillard (married Thomas Love), Anne Dillard (never married), John Dillard and Rebecca Dillard (married Joseph Byler).(64) Eleven great grandsons of Thomas Dillard, Jr. served in the Confederacy, including six brothers from one family and three from another.

William Holland Thomas Dillard, a great?grandson of Thomas Dillard, Jr., was the son of David Love Dillard (1815?1878) and Edie Harris Dillard (1819?1898). A resident of Haywood County, North Carolina on lands which are now a part of the Cherokee Indian Reservation, he was born in 1838. He enlisted on May 30, 1861 in Capt. Thaddeus D. Bryson's 25th Regiment North Carolina Infantry (State Troops). He mustered in on June 8, 1861. He was wounded in the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia on December 13, 1862 and subsequently received other injuries in combat. He died in 1908. His state furnished gravestone indicates Confederate service from 1861?1865.

William Holland Thomas, born in 1805 in Haywood County, North Carolina, was the son of Richard Thomas and Termperance Calvert Thomas. He married Sarah Jane Bell Love, a daughter of James Robert Love and Mary Ann Dillard, and a great granddaughter of Thomas Dillard, Jr. He was possibly of blood kin to Thomas Dillard, Jr. through descent from his sister. Prior to the Civil War he as active in Cherokee Indian affairs. He served as tribal chief of the Cherokees and as state senator from 1848 through 1862. He organized and mustered fourteen companies of infantry and four companies of Cherokee Indians for the Confederate cause. These companies became known as “Thomas Legion” with a colorful history defending the mountain passes between western Carolina and Tennessee where Union sympathies were substantial. (65) See Storm in the Mountains, id.

R.G.A. Love, a great grandson of Thomas Dillard, Jr., born January 4, 1827 was a son of James Robert Love and Mary Ann Dillard and a brother in law of William Holland Thomas. His rank was colonel in Thomas’ Legion.

Dr. Samuel Leonidus Love, also a son of James Robert Love and Mary Ann Dillard, was born August 25, 1828 and served in Thomas’ Legion.

Captain Matthew Hale Love, also a son of James Robert Love and Mary Ann Dillard, born April 15, 1840 served in Thomas’ Legion.

James Robert Love, born August 19, 1832 served as Lt. Colonel and field commander of Thomas’ Legion. He was one of the six sons of John Bell Love and Margaret Coleman Love and was a great grandson of Thomas Dillard, Jr. Brothers who served with him were Dr. John Coman Love, assistant surgeon in Thomas’Legion who died in 1866 from causes attributable to his military service, Thomas J. Love, born 1844, Dallas F. Love, born born 1844, Dillard L. Love, born 1838, first Lieutenant in Company A, and William Burney Love, a lawyer who resigned to become Solicitor of Transylvania County, North Carolina.

Thadeus Dillard Bryson, born February 13, 1829 to Daniel Granderson Bryson and Artemesia Petit Dillard Bryson, another great grandson of Thomas Dillard, Jr., was a colonel in the 20th North Carolina Infantry and later a member of the North Carolina House of Commons from Jackson County.

Daniel Granderson Fisher, was the third child of Allen Fisher and Dorcus Bryson (a daughter of Daniel G. Bryson and Artemesia Dillard Bryson), enlisted in the Confederate cause at age 19. He was a second lieutenant in Company E and was wounded at Mechanicsville. He was transferred to and served as captain of Company G of Thomas’ Legion. Two brothers served in Thomas’ Legion with him who were Lucious Lafayette Fisher and Julius Wilburn Fisher.

Lynch M. Dillard, was the son of Thomas Dillard (IV) and Martha Dillard. He served as a first lieutenant in Company B of the Jackson Guards of Thomas’ Legion.

John Jehu Jones, married Rutha Dillard, a sister of William Holland Thomas Dillard and the eldest daughter of David Love Dillard and Edie Harris Dillard. He served in Thomas’ Legion, 62nd North Carolina Infantry. He died on April 2, 1863 of influenza at Strawberry Plains, Tennessee.

William Riley Franklin, was married to Darcus Manurey Dillard, another sister of William Holland Thomas Dillard. He entered the Confederacy at seventeen years of age and served in the 16th North Carolina Infantry.

Jacob Marion Shuler, married Frances Caroline Dillard, another daughter of David Love Dillard and Edie Harris Dillard. He also joined the Confederate cause at seventeen years of age. He served as a member of Company F, 29th North Carolina troops. He was captured and taken as a prisoner in the defense of Mobile, Alabama. He was imprisoned at Ships Island. He was transferred to Vicksburg, Mississippi and paroled on May 11, 1965.

It is impossible to include all Dillards with Civil War service in this manuscript, even if confined to descendants and kin of John Dillard. The reader is invited to review a list of Dillards who served in the Confederacy in The Roster of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865, Volume V, edited by Janet B. Hewett, Broadfoot Publishing Company, Wilmington, N. C. (1996), or in other standard directories.

End Notes

(1) This article was presented at the 1998 Dillard Reunion History Session. It is a compilation of the research of Anne G. Dickerson, Odelle K. Hamby and John M, Dillard. Research included records of the National Archives, Georgia Archives and History, and the records of the office of the Georgia Adjutant General, family records and available standard publications. Marian Dillard Klar did all the research on the Confederates in the Colonel Thomas Dillard, Jr. line of descent. Assisting by letter and e-mail based on their independent research were Dr. Howard V Jones., Janelle Knight, Beverly V. Schroder, Karen Ledford, Sara L. Buckmaster and Elaine R. English. The writing is by John M. Dillard.

(2) Confederate Military History Extended Edition, Clement A. Evans, Wilmington, N. C., Broadfoot Publishing Co., 1987, Part IV, pages 44, 76, 199, 212, 227, 265, 294, 296 and 378. Units of the Confederate States Army, Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Midlothia, Va., (1987).

(3)Crute, id., page 92.

(4) Crute, id., page 112.

(5) Evans, id., Vol. IV, page 19.

(6) The War of the Rebellion, Series IV, Vol. III, pages 310 and 311, published by the United States Printing Office in 1900.

(7) Compendium of the Confederate Armies, South Carolina and Georgia, Stewart Sifakis (1995), page 115.

(8) Crute, id., page 116.

(9) Storm in the Mountains, Vernon H. Crow, Cherokee Indian Press, Cherokee, North Carolina, 1982.

(10) The War of the Rebellion, id., North Carolina Troops, pages 752?769.

(11) Crute, id., page 222.

(12) Roster of Confederate Soldiers of Georgia, 1861?1865, Volume III, page 39, Lillian Henderson; Roster of Confederate Soldiers, 1861?1865, Janet B. Hewitt, Broadfoot & Co., Wilmington, N. C. (1996).

(13) Confederate Archives, Chapter 10, File No. 21, page 166 in National Archives.

(14) Roster of Confederate Soldiers, 1861?1865, id.

(15) His service in Company F, 11th Regiment in Compiled Service Records was mistakenly indexed under the name of J. B. Dellard. This made his complete service record difficult to find.

(16) Wheeler, Marshall and Bruce Georgia State Directory, Nashville, Tennessee, 1876, furnished by Sara L. Buckmaster.

(17)Georgia State Gazetteer, 1883?1884, published in Savannah, Georgia by Morning News Steam Printing Company also furnished by Sara L. Buckmaster.

(18) Ritchie, History of the Head of the Tennessee Baptist Church, 1963, page 9.

(19) Hewitt's Roster of Confederate Soldiers, 1861?1865, id., lists Albert G. Dillard as in the same company with his brother, John Barnett Dillard, that is, Georgia 4th Cavalry (St. Guards), Cannon's Company. National Archives Records No. 176 verify that Albert Dillard was in service in the same company with his brother, Barnett Dillard, in serving in Company D (Captain H. W. Cannon's company) in the 4th Georgia Cavalry (State Troops) in the regiment commanded by Colonel Robert White.

(20) This obituary was furnished by Lillian Dillard Taylor of Dillard, Georgia.

(21) Wheeler, Marshall and Bruce Georgia State Directory published in Nashville, Tennessee in 1876. Albert Dillard was listed as a farmer in the Georgia State Gazetteer, 1883?1884, published in Savannah, Georgia by Morning News Steam Printing Company in 1883-1884.

(22) Index to Georgia Confederate Pension Files, compiled by Virgil D. White, reads at page 82: "Beavert, Leander M, srv Co. E, 2th Ga. See claim of Mrs. Margaret C. Beavert widow of Rabun Co., GA....she filed in Rabun Co., Ga.".

(23) Roster of Confederate Soldiers of Georgia, 1861?1865, Lee A. Fulgrum, Reprint Co., Spartanburg, S. C. 1982, originally printed by Georgia Department of Archives and History.

(24) For more details on the McKinneys, see unpublished manuscripts, The McKinneys and Related Kin and Dillard Deeds in Buncombe County, by John M. Dillard of Greenville, South Carolina on file with the Rabun County Library.

(25) These records are alleged to be sometimes inaccurate or incomplete.

(26) He is listed with a service record in Fulgrum, id.

(27) He is listed with a service record in Fulgrum, id.

(28) The information on James R. Lambert was furnished by Sara Lambert Buckmaster from family data and cited third party sources, including, but not limited to, U. S. Archives records, The Southern Watchman, October 3, 1862, page 3, Georgia Grand Lodge Records, Macon, Georgia, Reconstruction Registration Oath Book, April, 1868, No. 298, page 171, 1850 and 1860 Rabun County Censuses, family Bible owned by Cheever H. Lambert in League City, Texas, Texas State Archives pension records, tombstones, Concord Cemetery, Wood County, Texas and marriage records, Wood County, Texas, 1880, page 206.

(29) Information furnished in part by Elaine Randall English of Clayton, Georgia.

(30) Information on descendants provided by Elaine Randall English.

(31) Lillian Henderson, id., at page 493.

(32) Ritchie, id., pages 91 and 92.

(33) Jasper Hopper was one of the defendants named along with William McKinney in the settlement of the real estate of Charles McKinney of Buncombe County, North Carolina. The name of his mother is unknown.

(34) Roster of Confederate Soldiers of Georgia, 1861?1865, Volume III, page 39.

(35) Confederate Archives, Chapter 10, File 10, page 160 (South Carolina Confederate Records on Microfilm).

(36) Broken Fortunes, R. W. Kirkland, Jr., published by the South Carolina Historical Society, Charleston, S. C. (1995), which covers South Carolina troops who were killed in action, lists A. J. Martin as having died on August 12, 1862 in Rabun County, Georgia.

(37) Statement Anne G. Dickerson.

(38) Several J. M. Martins and James M. Martins are listed in Confederate service records in Roster of Confederate Soldiers, 1861?1865, id. The fact that he was in the same company as his brother, Andrew J. Martin, led to his identification as the correct James M. Martin.

(39) South Carolina Confederate Soldiers on Microfilm under Orr's Rifles.

(40) Statement Anne G. Dickerson.

(41) North Carolina State Troops, page 348, listing G.W.L. Kelley of Georgia.

(42) Index to Georgia Confederate Pension Files, Virgil D. White, page 711.

(43) Information furnished by Beverly V. Schroder, a Conley descendant of Oakland, Cavalry citing Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations for North Carolina, Roll No. 242, 16th Infantry, C?D.

(44) Lillian Henderson, id., Volumes III and IV, page 31.

(45) Compendium of the Confederate Armies, South Carolina and Georgia, id., page 115.

(46) Compendium of the Confederate Armies, South Carolina and Georgia, id., at page 115.

(47) Ritchie, id., at page 278.

(48) Ritchie, id., page 278.

(49) Ritchie, id., at page 274.

(50) Ritchie, id, pages 274 and 275.

(51) Ritchie, id.,page 281.

(52) The above and the following information is from the unpublished commentary of Dr. Howard V. Jones and information provided by Janelle Knight, a John Dillard, Jr. descendant.

(53) Henderson, id.

(54) Information from Janelle Knight relying on Bicentennial Gordon County History.

(55) Index to Georgia Confederate Pension Files, id., page 291 which verifies his service in Company D, 8th Battalion, Georgia Infantry.

(56) Hewitt, id.

(57) Hewitt, id,, and Henderson's consolidated index at Volume 4, page 377.

(58) Hewitt, id.

(59) Hewitt, id., and Henderson id. in Volume 1, Page 600. Also information from Janelle Knight.

(60) Hewitt, id.

(61) Information on William F. Dillard descendants and kin who served in the Civil War from Missouri was provided by Dr. Howard V. Jones from his notes and the History of Greene County, Missouri, page 706.

(62) All information about the Independence County, Missouri Dillard is from the unpublished commentary of Dr. Howard V. Jones relying principally upon research of the late Lucile R. Johnson, a Thomas Dillard decendant.

(63) Bridges over the new express highway between Asheville, North Carolina and Johnson City, Tennessee were named for Robert Love and J. R. Love.

(64) Information about the children of Thomas Dillard, Jr. and the Confederate service of his descendants has been provided by Miriam Dillard Klar, a Thomas Dillard, Jr. descendant. See Dillard Annual, Vol. 2, page 7 (January, 1993).

(65) See above biographical sketch of James Bryan Conley, who served in Thomas’ Legion.

Return to contents...

 

Four Brothers in Oconee County

John M. Dillard

Four of the seven sons of John B. Dillard and Rachel McKinney Dillard left Rabun County at different times starting about 1885, and made their homes in Westminster, Oconee County, South Carolina, which is some thirty four miles southeast of Dillard, Georgia in the adjoining county in South Carolina. These were William McKinney Dillard (nicknamed "Mac"), James Doctor Marshall Dillard (nicknamed "Doc"), Albert Lafayette Dillard, all three with McKinney family names, and John B.Dillard, Jr. The two brothers who remained in Rabun County, Georgia were Beavert Rush Dillard (nicknamed "Bede"), who lived in Rabun County until his death on September 15, 1949 at age 80, and Robert L. Dillard. Robert L. Dillard at age 28 in 1897 and is buried next to his parents in Head of the Tennessee Baptist Church cemetery at Dillard. A seventh brother, George Macon Dillard, had migrated to Johnson City, Tennessee prior to 1892, the year of his marriage to Mary Elizabeth "Mollie" Hyberger of Timber Ridge near Greeneville, Greene County, Tennessee. He later moved to Oklahoma and Texas, but died in Robertstown, Georgia.

The names and a brief history of all of the seven sons and three daughters of John B. Dillard, Sr. and his wife, Rachel McKinney Dillard, is at pages 193 and 194 in Ritchie's Sketches of Rabun County History. Ritchie elsewhere mentions that when Rabun County had no public school system, a pioneer teacher, W. A. Curtis came into the county in 1873 and started a private school in exchange for a schoolhouse, a house and one hundred acres of land.

Listed among the enrolled students at that school during the session of 1875-1876 were John B. Dillard, James D. M. Dillard and William M. Dillard, three of the four sons who migrated to Westminster, South Carolina as well as Sarah C. Dillard, all children of John B. Dillard, Sr. and Rachel McKinney Dillard.

The Town of Westminster had its first United States Post Office in 1874, and was incorporated on March 17, 1875. It is located in the northwestern most corner of South Carolina adjoining the Georgia border, seven miles distant from Walhalla, an 1850 German settlement and the present county seat, and some ten miles distant from Seneca, all three of which towns are small towns located in this presently mixed rural and industrial county. From the comparatively recent vintage of Westminster as a town, it appears that the Dillard brothers were among its pioneer settlers.

With the coming of the Atlanta and Richmond Air Line Railway, Seneca was subdivided into lots from rural property in 1873 by developers and promoters Doyle, Easley, Green, Norton and Thompson. This successful undertaking was tried again with Westminster in 1874 with the completion of this railroad through that town.

William McKinney Dillard


William McKinney Dillard, was deeded property in Westminster as early as 1886, was in the retail grocery business who was born at Dillard on March 18, 1860 and married Ida King Dillard at Westminster on September 5, 1886. Documentary evidence seems to indicate that he could have been the first Dillard brother to come to Westminster, South Carolina. He lived his entire remaining life in Westminster until his death on January 26, 1940. He also served for many years as a Magistrate in Oconee County.

Mac Dillard's colorful obituary in the Tugaloo Tribune by its well known editor, Gus Gossett, dated February 1, 1940 states "William McKinney Dillard was born in Rabun County. Georgia on March 18, 1860. The town of Dillard sprang up at his birthplace after the expansion of the Tallulah Falls railroad through the mountains to Franklin, North Carolina....Coming to Westminster in 1882 just after reaching his majority, W. M. Dillard lent a helping hand in the up building of the town. He began work as a clerk in the stores and later entered the mercantile field and sold goods for many years on his own account. He was engaged in the sawmill and lumber business a while and served several years as a Trial Justice....In Mr. Dillard's first mercantile venture he found himself in the condition a lot of merchants face - he had to borrow some money. A shipment of flour amounting to $350.00 had to be paid. He went to his first employer, William J. Stribling. and asked him for the loan. Mr. Stribling had $350.00 in gold and let him have it without any paper or security, the only requirement being the money must be paid back in gold as soon as he was able to pay the debt. When he sold the flour he took Mr. Stribling the money and part of it was currency, but Mr. Stribling held out for all gold and "Rabun" (nickname of W. M. Dillard among his Westminster contemporaries) had to exchange the currency for gold."

Mrs. E. J. King conveyed to William M. Dillard part of Lots 30 and 32 on Main Street extending to Green Street by deed dated June 28, 1886 for a consideration of $150.00. In a deed dated January 5, 1891 Mac Dillard was conveyed title to Lot 5 and one-half of Lot 4 on Lucky Street extending to Augusta Street in the Town of Westminster. This deed quitclaimed Lot 5 and part of Lot 4 from an earlier deed recited to have been lost and stated "This is the lot William M. Dillard now lives on". An early E. R. Doyle plat of the layout of the original Town of Westminster dated November, 1888, and an investigation on the scene of presently located streets in that town, seem to indicate that both the 1886 and 1891 deeds included property south of Main Street near the old uptown of Westminster in the general area of the existing City Hall and Westminster Baptist Church.

The final home of Mac and Ida Dillard was some blocks away on the then opposite or eastern side of Main Street fronting transects the center of town, on which site William Barnett Dillard, their son, built a home in his later years after the Mac Dillard residence was destroyed. This property was purchased in the name of Ida T. Dillard from N. Olive Smithson on November 17, 1893 and from C. E. Abbott on April 2, 1904. According to Rachel Dillard Scott, it is on this real estate that the store building operated by Mac and Ida Dillard for many years stood next door to their residence. Rachel Dillard Scott also recalls that this also was the site of the Magistrate's Court for many years over which Mac Dillard presided for the conduct of marriage ceremonies and other civil and criminal matters.

The 1900 United States Census for South Carolina verifies that the William McKinney Dillard household was in "Westminster Town" consisting of William M. Dillard, born l860 in Georgia, 40 years of age; his wife, Ida T., born November 1871 in South Carolina, age 28, and children, Claude N. Dillard, born September, 1887, King Dillard, born July, 1889 and William B. Dillard born October 1891. Rachel Dillard Scott states that Ida King Dillard was correctly born in 1868 and was in 1900 31 years of age. The census taker was not always correct. Further shown are two other persons in the household, Albert L. Dillard, born October 1865 in Georgia and one unnamed boarder. These family members are not found in the South Carolina l880 Census which indicates the four Dillard brothers had not then migrated into South Carolina.

The 1910 South Carolina census shows William M. Dillard, age 50, and his wife, Ida, age 41, with children "Joe K.", age 20, and William B., age 18. Claude Dillard had apparently left home.

William M. Dillard appeared to have sold most of his earliest property acquisitions in Westminster between 1887 and 192. Ida King Dillard purchased other property in Westminster in her name.

Ida King Dillard, born in Anderson County, South Carolina on November 28, 1868, died in Westminster on September 24, 1939. She and William McKinney Dillard are buried in the same grave lot in Eastview Cemetery along with their son, William Barnett Dillard, born October 7, 1891 and died October 3, 1950 at Westminster and who served in combat in World War I in France.

William Barnett Dillard married Florrie Wylie of Cartersville, Georgia on December 24, 1921, who died March 6, 1990. Their only child, Dr. William B. Dillard, Jr., died survived by no children on October 23, 1989. "Bill" Dillard was a salesman for most of his life. Dr. William Barnett Dillard, Jr., was a practicing physician of Cartersville, Georgia. William Barnett Dillard, Jr., who was a classmate of his second cousins, Barham Foster Dillard, Jr. and James Calvin Stone (children of B. F. Dillard and Stella Dillard Stone through their father, J.D.M. Dillard) at Clemson College in 1939-1942, achieved distinction as a student in Clemson College, served as a paratrooper in the 82nd Airborne Division in Japan and married Jane Jernigan on December 8, 1951. He died from cancer and is buried in Cartersville, Georgia. His mother, Florrie Wylie Dillard, survived her son for approximately one year and is also buried in Cartersville, Georgia, her hometown.

A thirty-two year old son, Claude N. Dillard, who was born September 14, 1887 and who died on September 14, 1919 following injuries in the Norfolk Navy Shipyard, is buried in the same plot with William McKinney Dillard and Ida King Dillard as well as an infant son, Ivan Dillard, who was born August 28, 1894 and died February 10, 1896. Ivanhoe Dillard, the youngest son, was a victim of measles and died prior to maturity.

The second child of Mac and Ida Dillard was Joseph King Dillard, a well known plumbing contractor who spent his life in Westminster. For many years, King Dillard worked for the Town of Westminster as its supervisor over all water and sewer installations. He was born on July 17, 1889, married Daysie Holcombe on July 16, 1916, and died on October 24, 1956. Daysie Holcombe Dillard died November 4, 1962. They are also buried in Eastview Cemetery in Westminster.


Rachel Dillard Scott is the only presently living child of Joseph King Dillard and Daysie Holcombe Dillard. She married Fred Alexander Scott of Toccoa, Georgia on October 3, 1940.

Another child of Joseph King Dillard and Daysie H. Dillard was Jack Holcombe Dillard, employed with Daniel Construction Company, who was born December 22, 1924 and died July 15, 1989. His wife, Ruth Gray Dillard, died a few days later , both victims of cancer. The only child of this marriage was David Kyle Dillard, born July 16, 1963. A stepson born to Ruth Gray Dillard by a previous marriage, William Eugene Hopkins, survived them.

Another son, Joseph King Dillard, Jr., was born May 10, 1917 and died in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on February 13, 1988 where he is buried. Joseph King Dillard, Jr. married Elizabeth Wash in Greenwood, South Carolina on December 8, 1939 and enjoyed a 32-year career with Westinghouse Corporation mostly at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania as a professional electrical engineer where he was general manager of Westinghouse's advanced systems technology operations.

The children of Rachel Dillard Scott are Martha Diane Scott, born December 26, 1942 now of Columbia, South Carolina and twin sons Robert Claude Scott and Joseph King Scott, born August 19, 1941 of Atlanta, Georgia, all three of whom are unmarried to this date.

The children of Joseph King Dillard, Jr. are William King Dillard born September 8, 1952 of Duluth, Georgia and John Holcombe Dillard, born April 15, 1955 of Columbia, South Carolina. The children of William King Dillard are Rhea Ann Dillard born September 30, 1978 and John Joseph Dillard born April 24, 1985.

On the date of W. M. Dillard's death, there was a thick blanket of snow on the ground. "This reminded a few of the citizens of the weather which prevailed early in the year 1894 when Mr. Dillard's father, J. B. Dillard, was seriously sick and death soon followed. The snow was deep on the ground and a blizzard was in the Southland. Mac and his brother, J.D.M. (Dock) Dillard hitched up a mule to the buggy to make the trip to see their father. Travel was well nigh impeded on all the roads. When the Dillard brothers struck the mountains the mule and vehicle mired down so deep they were compelled to turn back home and abandon the journey. The elder Dillard lived at the old home place near Clayton, Ga."



James Doctor Marshall Dillard


James Doctor Marshall Dillard, born in Dillard, Georgia on January 25, 1862, married Mattie Center Foster in Westminster on July 16, 1885, at a ceremony witnessed by William McKinney Dillard. At least the first three of their six children, Stella Dillard (born July 27, 1886), James Doctor Marshall Dillard, Jr. (born March 26, 1890) and George Bookter Dillard (born December 15, 1891) were born in Westminster. The date of his marriage, the dates of birth of his first three children and the date of his property acquisitions in Westminster seem to indicate that Dock Dillard came to Westminster about the same time as his brother, Mac, which was about 1885.

Dock Dillard's first recorded real property purchase in Westminster was on February 15, 1887 for lots on Main Street extending back to Depot Street and Windsor Street, which appear to be located near the first properties acquired by his brother, Mac Dillard. A lot on Retreat Street was purchased on February 17, 1887, lots at the corner of Lucky Street and an alley and on Augusta and Retreat Streets on January 5, 1891 and Lots 68 and 69 on Cemetery Street on March 21, 1891. All of this property appears to be in the old uptown section of the original town of Westminster near the present City Hall. Witnesses to one of these deeds recorded in Deed Book O, Page 502 were William M. Dillard and G. W. C. Wikle, a brother-in-law with a colorful career who married Rosette Dillard, a daughter of John B. Dillard, Sr. and Rachel McKinney Dillard.

James Doctor Marshall Dillard also acquired 66 acres on Colonel Fork Creek at Corner Cross Creek waters of Seneca River on January 21, 1889. The latter was sold on January 18, 1890 as evidenced in Deed Book Q, Page 340. Cross deed records indicate he also owned tracts of 59 acres and 30 acres on Shoals Creek of Tugalo River, for which no deed into Dock Dillard is indexed . These properties could have been acquired in connection with Dock Dillard's saw mill business which he operated in Westminster.

Where and how J.D.M. Dillard learned the lumber business is unknown. It is likely that for awhile, his brother, William M. Dillard, was in business in Westminster with him. One would have expected that he learned this business in Rabun County, Georgia where he probably resided until he went to Westminster when he was about twenty-three years of age. The 1880 United States Census of Rabun County, Georgia, for Tennessee District No. 556, shows "James D. M. Dillard" , age 18, (as well as William M. Dillard, age 20, Albert L. Dillard, age 15) connected with the household of their parents under the occupation description of "son - works on farm". Ritchie in describing Rabun County from 1865-1900 states that with the third generation, farms were becoming smaller notwithstanding the continuation of the resource of the "free range" for livestock, and that the only form of manufacturing was the local grist mill "and a few sawmills at widely separated places". The extension of the Tallulah Falls Railroad and the coming of large timber corporations for the manufacturing and shipping of timber did not come into Rabun County until after 1905, well after the time Dock Dillard had already left.

Starting in late 1889, and ending in 1894, the above properties were sold off to third parties in that Dock Dillard and his family moved to Greenville County, South Carolina at least by 1892, the dates of his first real estate purchases in Greenville County, South Carolina, and other facts supporting this probable date set out in From Westminister to Greenville.


Albert Lafayette Dillard


This Dillard brother according to his imposing gravestone in Eastview Cemetery in Westminster was born on October 23, 1864 and died at only 43 years of age on April 20, 1907. Ritchie records that he served as Sheriff of Rabun County, Georgia from 1891 through 1894. Albert and his brother B. R. Dillard were appointed by the Ordinary of Rabun County on January 6, 1896 to serve as administrators of the estate of their father, John B.Dillard, Sr.

It appears in subsequent proceedings in this estate in Rabun County that only Beavert R. Dillard alone continued to serve and finally settled this estate as set forth in the Minutes of the Ordinary Court for Rabun County, Georgia, 1887-1898. At the January Term in 1896, at page 350 F. A. Bleckley, Ordinary issued Letters of Administration on the estate of John B. Dillard, Sr. to B. R. Dillard upon his giving bond in the sum of $2,000.00. It was ordered on January 6, 1896 that title to all properties of this estate be vested in Rachel M. Dillard. On October 6, 1896 this court at page 377 authorized B. R. Dillard to sell the lands of the estate to pay indebtedness and distribute the same among the heirs of the estate. On October 4, 1897 B. R. Dillard sought discharge as administrator of this estate. Finally, at the January, 1898 term of this Court, B. R. Dillard was discharged as administrator by order dated January 3, 1898. Only B. R. Dillard was mentioned in all these subsequent proceedings as administrator of his father's estate, and not Albert L. Dillard. In the order of the Ordinary dated January 6, 1896 the words "with Albert L. Dillard" seem to have been added as an afterthought following the appointment of B. R. Dillard as sole administrator of the estate of J. B. Dillard,Sr .

In a Sale Bill of the real and personal property of the John B. Dillard, Sr. estate dated January 6, 1896, B. R. Dillard was referred to as "temporary administrator". This same Sale Bill states that Albert L. Dillard purchased two tracts of land from the Estate of John B. Dillard, Sr. with undisclosed acreage at respective prices of $83.00 and $46.50. No deed has been found to date conveying this property to Albert L. Dillard.

The Book of Sales in the Court of the Ordinary of Rabun County dated 1881-1903 at page 88 records that Albert L. Dillard purchased a horse from the Estate of G. W. Kelly on October 26, 1897. Cash to Albert seems to have been easy to obtain.

The petition of George M. Dillard, another brother, to have the Ordinary of Rabun County appoint a suitable guardian for his mother, Rachel M. Dillard, "an imbecile from old age", (she was then 66 years of ago having been born in 1831) dated July 27, 1897 recites that A.L. Dillard, B. R. Dillard and John B. Dillard were then residents of Rabun County, Georgia and were "the nearest adult relatives of Rachel M. Dillard". Albert L. Dillard was issued guardianship of his mother's property (which appeared to consist of all of the real and personal estate of John B. Dillard, Sr., except that part sold off by his administrator) by the Ordinary of Rabun County on October 4, 1897. He was also appointed as administrator of his mother's estate on her death on June 17, 1899 in that he petitioned the Ordinary for that county on April 2, 1900 for his discharge as such and "letters of dismission" were granted by that court.

Albert L. Dillard's first real estate purchase in Westminster was in l902. His being shown in the l900 Census as living in the household of his brother, William McKinney Dillard, along with his affairs with the Estate of Rachel McKinney Dillard as late as April 2, 1900 in Rabun County, Georgia, pinpoint his becoming a resident of Westminster during the year 1900.

The date of his marriage to Callie Hull Dillard was reported in the Keowee Courier on February 28, 1906. Callie Hull was, it appears, already a resident of the Town of Westminster with extensive kindred there. It appears that Albert L. Dillard was unmarried until 1896 and had lived at least for some time as a single man in his brother, Mac Dillard.

D. W. Allen, J.H. Harshaw, W. F. Ferguson et. al. as trustees of Joint Stock Company of Westminster by deed dated August 15, 1902 sold to Albert L. Dillard Lot 8 fronting fifty five feet on Main Street and running back to the railroad right of way for a consideration of $200.00. Three years later, J. J. Stoddard sold to Albert L. Dillard another lot fronting on the right of way of the Southern Railway running back to Main Street for $500.00. Other real estate was conveyed to Albert L. Dillard in Westminster as late as the year of his death by Wiley Ferguson and John Gray. Rachel Dillard Scott, who was raised in Westminster and was born after the date of death of Albert L. Dillard, recalls a residence on the eastern side of Main Street backing up to the railroad right of way across that street from the residence of her father, J. King Dillard, being identified as the home of Albert L. Dillard.

The Oconee County Clerk's cross conveyance indices through 1920 indicate that Albert L. Dillard never sold during his lifetime any of the real estate he had acquired in Westminster.

Albert L. Dillard was a town policeman in Westminster, which was a continuation of his law enforcement interests in his having served as sheriff of Rabun County.

Death from unknown but natural causes took Albert L. Dillard one year and two months following his marriage to Callie Hull Dillard. The petition for the appointment of Callie as guardian in the estate of Albert L. Dillard states that his only child, Alberta Calhoun Dillard, was born two days prior to the date of his death.

The estate of Albert L. Dillard who had no will appears comparatively extensive. It consisted of nine rental houses and one or two store buildings and listed the ownership by the decedent of 100 acres near Dillard in Rabun County, Georgia. It also consisted of one cow and calf and one pig. Numerous notes and accounts receivable were listed as assets, including a receivable from William M. Dillard of $50.00, from R. L. Dillard (possibly R. S. Dillard) of $36.80 and Claude Dillard (probably the son of William M. Dillard).

Guardianship proceedings were commenced in the Probate Court for Oconee County for Alberta Calhoun Dillard, a minor who under South Carolina law inherited one half of her father's intestate estate. In 1915, William McKinney Dillard filed suit in this court against Callie H. Dillard as guardian for the minor child in which he alleged he was the "only living brother of Albert L. Dillard" (this was not quite correct but is correct that he was the only living brother in Westminster) and asked the court to remove Callie H. Dillard as guardian and place custody of the person and property of Alberta in him on the grounds that Callie was an unfit person to raise Alberta and handle her property. Mac Dillard alleged that Callie would leave the child to frequent Greenville, South Carolina for immoral purposes and that the purpose of one of these trips was to give birth to an illegitimate child. In her answer, Callie H. Dillard alleged William M. Dillard, who was a "near neighbor" of Alberta, was a person of bad temper and habits who had no affection for Alberta, or she for him.

A question existed as to whether or not the Probate Court had lawful jurisdiction in that it was unusual to bring this type of suit in that court, but the Probate judge concluded he did have jurisdiction and ruled against William M. Dillard on the grounds that he was not on "friendly terms" with Callie H. Dillard. Questions were also raised as to whether or not the Callie Hull Dillard was properly maintaining and keeping rented the rental property in the Albert L. Dillard estate.

Meanwhile, in 1916 Callie H. Dillard asked the probate court to relieve her from the burdensome duties of guardian in managing the rental properties. Her brother in law, R. T. Duke, a local U. S. mail carrier, was appointed as guardian for Alberta Calhoun Dillard in her place. R. T. Duke continued to serve until 1928, when he was discharged as guardian by order of the Probate Court dated May 1, 1928. At that time, this probate court file shows that Alberta Calhoun Dillard was then a Thurman. Harry Clifton Duke of Westminster, South Carolina states that his father, R. T. Duke, managed this property for his sister in law and niece after she took her daughter, Alberta, and moved to Atlanta, Georgia, which was before 1921, the date of birth of Harry Clifton Duke.

Several deeds selling off the Albert L. Dillard real estate in 1928, the year of the guardianship settlement, indicate that Callie H. Dillard had apparently remarried and was "Mrs. A. P. Owens" and Alberta Calhoun Dillard was "Mrs. H. L. Thurman".

Alberta Dillard told her cousin, Harry Clifton Duke, that about 1931 or 1932 she hired an Atlanta, Georgia lawyer to gain possession of the one hundred acres of land in Rabun County, Georgia listed as an asset in the estate of her father, Albert L. Dillard. She and other Hull family members went to Dillard, Georgia and found the property, which was a large mountain with and old cabin on the very top. In walking the property, Alberta and her companions were caught in a hail storm and forced to take cover in the old cabin. They were stranded for an extended period of time in the cabin because they were surrounded by a large pack of "wild hogs" . She was never able to obtain possession and sell this property for reasons unknown.

The location of this 100 acres the subject of the "wild hog" story is unknown. Albert L. Dillard purchased two tracts of land, with no acreage given, as reported in the Book of Sales of the Ordinary Court for Rabun County cited above from his father's administrator, Beavert R. Dillard. Albert L. Dillard acquired 35 acres from his father on May 18, 1892 in Deed Book K, Page 520, a part of Lots 162 and 163 which were part of the lands originally acquired by James Dillard in 1823 and 1824. Other Dillard brothers, except John B. Dillard, Jr., were deeded property by their father, John B. Dillard, Sr. in 1893 through 1896. A deed to this 100 acres, wherever it was, does not appear of record. That could have been one of the problems in Alberta's claim of ownership.

Callie Hull Dillard married Albert P. Owens and operated a restaurant near the Ford plant in Atlanta where she died at 94 years of age in the l980's. Alberta Calhoun Dillard later divorced Thurman, and married Van Lee Scarborough, a barber. She never had any children and worked for over forty years in Rich's Department Store in Atlanta where she died at 81 years of age on June 29, 1988.

Alberta Calhoun Dillard Thurman Scarborough was buried in Westview Cemetery, Walhalla, South Carolina. The place of burial of her mother, Callie Hull Dillard Owens is unknown. In her Last Will and Testament Alberta Scarborough devised her entire estate, including her home at 442 Euclid Terrace in DeKalb County, Georgia to what appear to be her cousins, Ila W. Fairley, Hazel D. Cleveland and Harry C. Duke, the last two named of whom still reside in the Westminister area of Oconee County, South Carolina.

The Albert L. Dillard line has completely died out. There was little, if any, family contact during their lifetimes by Alberta Calhoun Dillard Scarborough and her mother with other descendants of John B. Dillard, Sr. and Rachel McKinney Dillard.

John B. Dillard, Jr.


John B. Dillard, Jr. was referred to as a "then resident" of Rabun County, Georgia and as one of the "three nearest adult relatives" of Rachel McKinney Dillard in the application of George M. Dillard to the Ordinary of that county dated July 27, 1897 to have his mother declared incapable of managing her own affairs. John B. Dillard, Jr. acknowledged service of process in this legal proceedings on July 28, 1897. John B. Dillard's gravestone in the First Baptist Church cemetery in Westminster states that he married his wife, Florida A. Wilburn Dillard, on April 26, 1876.

Ritchie states that the wife of John B. Dillard, Jr. was Florida "Welborn", and that she was from Rabun County, Georgia. The above gravestone, as well as the death notice of John Lee Dillard, Florida Wilburn Dillard's oldest child, in the Keowee Courier on September 8, 1965, reconfirms that her name was Wilburn and not Welborn.

The fact that few members of the third generation of this large family are now living (John B. Dillard, Jr. was the oldest son of his parents and 15 years older than the youngest child), and the absence of deeds and administered estates for these first three generations, make it impossible at this time to comprehensively complete this family with generations to the present date. The very large size of the John B. Dillard, Jr. family makes most of the names and whereabouts of the fourth and succeeding generations unknown to present family members.

The 1880 United States Census of Rabun County, Georgia in Tennessee District No. 556 (showing John B. Dillard, Sr., age 53, and his wife Rachel M., age 48 as farmers with six sons in their household ranging in age from 20 down to 11) separately lists John B. Dillard, Jr., age 24, a "farmer" with his wife "Sarah F.", age 20, "keeping house", with one child John L., age 1.

The 1900 United States Census of Rabun County, Georgia clearly shows that John B. Dillard, Jr. was still there on that date with a wife and seven children at 44 years of age. His wife was listed as "Sarah F." Dillard, born June, 1858. Children were shown in this census as follows: John L. Dillard, born October, 1878; Sallie M. Dillard, born July, 1882 (this is the same person as Sallie Missouri Dillard); Nolla E. Dillard, born February, 1885 (this is the same person as Nola Dillard); Doctor H. Dillard, year of birth not given, age 12, (this is Doctor Holman Dillard); Gulie R. Dillard, age 10, year of birth not given (the spelling of this name is uncertain; it could be "Goolie" and was reported in the press hereinafter cited as "Goola"); Nannie V. Dillard, age 8, year of birth not given and Minnie V. Dillard, age 4, year of birth not given (the latter two are Vera Dillard and Versy (which could have been spelled "Versie") Dillard). For unknown reasons, his son Norman Barnard Dillard, born 1886 is not listed in this census.

No deed records have been found to this date for John B. Dillard, Jr. in either Rabun County or Oconee County, and it is difficult to determine when he first came into Westminster. The 1900 United States Census for South Carolina does not list John B. Dillard, Jr. and his family.

His grave marker which reads "John B. Dillard", without explaining what the "B" stood for recites that he was born on March 6, 1856 and died on September 6, 1917, which would make his age at the date of his death 6l. His wife, Florida Wilburn Dillard, who is buried next to her husband, was born on June 18, 1859 and died on April 29, 1936.

According to her grandson, K. Wylie Dillard, of Seneca, South Carolina Florida W. Dillard, a strong disciplinarian, resided with her son, Norman Barnard Dillard, at his home in Walhalla after the death of his wife, Ada T. Dillard, at thirty years of age to assist in the care of Wylie who was then a small child.

K. Wylie Dillard, Floree Ida Dillard Gilden and Nellie H. Dillard, widow of Forest Dillard, state that John B. Dillard, Jr. left Rabun County, Georgia with his large family to pursue employment in the textile mills. This coincides with the description of Dr. Ritchie of economic conditions in Rabun County, particularly the lack of employment opportunities, and the well known fact that farming people sought employment in the South in the rapidly growing textile plants at the turn of the century.

It is said that John B. Dillard, Jr. while working in a textile mill in Gainesville, Georgia was struck by the well known tornado which devastated that town resulting in the entire corner of the mill building being lifted up and dropped close to a nearby railroad track. Whether Uncle John was lifted up and dropped with the corner of the mill is unknown. He survived. This tornado is reported to have occurred on June 1, 1903 in a Pictorial History of Hall County to 1950. In the latter publication, photographs of the demolished Gainesville Cotton Mill and New Holland Mill in Gainesville are shown, where it is further reported that over 100 people were killed in this tornado. The foregoing would place John B. Dillard, Jr. in Gainesville in 1903, just after the l900 and just before the 1910 United States Censuses where he was shown respectively in Rabun County, Georgia and Anderson County, South Carolina.

Jim Dillard, 80 year old grandson of Hiram Dillard (a son of William F. Dillard, killed in the Civil War) knowledgeable in Rabun County history, of Dillard, Georgia states that Gainesville, Georgia was a popular place for Rabun County residents to enter work in textile mills at the turn of the century and later because of lack of opportunities to earn a livelihood in Rabun County, Georgia. The Hiram Dillard family followed this pattern by going to work in the New Holland Mill in Gainesville, Georgia about the same time as the John B. Dillard, Jr. family, with the Hiram Dillard family later returning to Dillard, Georgia to permanently reside.

The first South Carolina census which shows John B. Dillard, Jr. was in 1910 in which he is shown as living in Anderson County at age 54 with his wife, Florida, age 51 with a daughter, Bessie, (this is probably the census taker's mistake for Versy) age 14, a daughter Vera, age 18 and a son-in-law, Charles Parden, age 19, all of the same having been born in Georgia. Where he was living in Anderson County is not known. Anderson County is physically located approximately twelve miles from Westminster, and it is possible that John B. Dillard, Jr. was residing in a rural area in Anderson County and commuting to work in the textile mills of Westminster, South Carolina. His son, Norman Dillard, is shown in the 1910 United States Census as age 24 living in Westminster, Oconee County, with a wife Ada, age 17 and no children, which suggests that his father may have also been there.

The obituary of Florida Wilburn Dillard which appeared in the May 6, 1937 issue of the Keowee Courier states that she died a resident of Walhalla, but "before moving to Walhalla she had resided in Westminster for a number of years. Her husband who was a brother of Mr. W. M. Dillard and who came here many years ago from Rabun, Ga. preceeded her to the grave some 20 years ago."

All of the foregoing points to the probable conclusion that John B. Dillard, Jr. and his family came into Westminster probably close to 1910, and while he was the oldest of the Dillard brothers, he was the last to come to South Carolina.

Many of the children of John B. Dillard, Jr. and Florida Wilburn Dillard followed employment in the textile industry. This includes their oldest child, John Lee Dillard, Norman Barnard Dillard and Doctor Holman Dillard.

The gravemarker of John Lee Dillard in the John B. Dillard, Jr. grave plot recites that he was born in 1878 and died in 1965. His obituary, as noted above, more precisely gives his date of death as September 5, 1965. His wife, Cora Crane Dillard, was born in 1884 and died in 1964. The children of John Lee Dillard and Cora Crane Dillard were Forest Dillard, Ernest Dillard, Myrtle Dillard O'Bryant, Ila Dillard Arnold and Ethel Dillard Addis Nichols. An infant, J. D. Dillard, who died on May 22, 1922 at an unknown age is identified as a child of John Lee Dillard. Another child, Norman Ray Dillard, born November 14, 1909 who died on February 19, 1911 was a child of John Lee Dillard and Cora Crane Dillard. It appears that John Lee Dillard also earlier worked in the textile mills in Atlanta and Gainesville, Georgia.

A gravestone in this same cemetery plot marks the burial of Ila Dillard Arnold, born September 1, 1904 who died October 29, 1969 and her spouse, Paul K. Arnold, who was born on August 2, 1902 and died December 26, 1981. The marriage license of Ila Dillard to Paul Killian Arnold is reported on December 25, 1929 in the Keowee Courier at page 8, Column E.

Forest Dillard was born September 24, 1906 and died May 2, 1957. He is buried in Oconee Memorial Park near Seneca, South Carolina. His wife, Nellie H. Dillard, was born in 1916. The children of Forest Dillard and Nellie H. Dillard are Betty Lee Dillard Chambers, age 57, Randall Dillard, age 55, Barbara Dillard White, Nancy Dillard Stargel, Billy Ray Dillard, age 46 and Joann Dillard, age 52, who is unmarried.

Ethel Dillard Addis Nichols is now alive and resides in Spartanburg, South Carolina. Myrtle Dillard O'Bryant married Elmer O'Bryant and did reside in Spartanburg.

The gravestone in the nearby cemetery plot of Nola Dillard Loggins recites that she was born on February 21, 1884 and died on February 24, 1970. An infant Clyde Lord, child of Nola's first marriage to R. C. Lord, died September 9, 1910. Nola Dillard Lord divorced R. C. Lord and later married Nooney Loggins. The children of Nola Dillard Lord and R. C. Lord are Grace Lord Justice, who married a Baptist minister, Richard Justice, Beatrice Smith who died in Columbia, South Carolina, Otis Lord, found dead beside the railroad tracks in North Dakota, and Eunice Lord Hunt, who married retired Lt. Col. Thomas Cleland Hunt and resided in Laurens, South Carolina.

Thomas Cleland Hunt was born on February 14, 1908 and died August 2, 1986. The date of birth of Eunice Lord Hunt is unknown but she died on May 3, 1987. Eunice and Cleland Hunt had one child, Jean Hunt Gaulden, who has three children by her former spouse, Earle Gaulden, who are Dean Gaulden, Margaret Gaulden and Hunt Gaulden of Greenville, South Carolina.

In or adjoining the John B. Dillard, Jr. grave lot in the First Baptist Church of Westminster cemetery is the grave marker of Norman B. Dillard which reads he was born on February 5, l886 and died on November 1, 1941. His wife, Ada T. Dillard's gravestone recites that she was born on April 28, 1893 and died on February 28, 1923. Several infants are buried nearby, which include Carlton Dillard born December 29, 1914, died June 29, 1916, Meda (Almeda) Dillard , born June 19, 1910, died May 16, 1912, and Floyd Dillard, born 1912, died 1916. K. Wylie Dillard, the only child of Norman B. Dillard and Ada T. Dillard who survived to adulthood, states that two other infants born to this couple were Ethel Dillard, born May 21, 1918 at Westminster, died May 24, 1920 and Myrl Dillard born August 30, 1921 who died October 4, 1921.

K. Wylie Dillard states that his father's name was "Norman Barnard Dillard", which supports the probability that the real name of John B. Dillard, Sr. and John B. Dillard, Jr. was Barnard and not Barnett. Norman B. Dillard lived and worked at Walhalla, South Carolina and, at the time of his death, his only surviving child, K. Wylie Dillard, now of Seneca, South Carolina was in service in World War II.

Kenneth Wylie Walton Deaton Dillard, a child of Norman Barnard Dillard and Ada T. Dillard was born on July 29, 1919 and is married to Mattie Hamby Dillard. He and his wife have no children, but Mattie Hamby Dillard has several daughters by a previous marriage.


Doctor Holman Dillard, a son of John B. Dillard, Jr. and Florida Wilburn Dillard, was born in 1889 and died in 1961. He and his wife, Rosaline Dickson Dillard, who was born in 1898 and died in 1981, resided at Westminster, South Carolina. They are buried in First Baptist Church Cemetery at Westminster, South Carolina.

Their children were Floree Ida Dillard Gilden, born June 25, 1917, and died on January 12, 1993, who resided at Westminster, South Carolina, Malory Dillard and Norman Roy Dillard.

Floree Dillard Gilden married Clyde Daniel Gilden and was employed with Beacon Manufacturing Company. She died on January 12, 1993, and was buried in the First Baptist Church Cemetery of Westminister, South Carolina. The children of Floree Dillard Gilden are Theron Gilden of Seneca, South Carolina, now married to Shirley Dillard, a son, Dave Gilden who died at twenty-nine years of age, and a granddaughter, Grechen Gilden Harbin.
Guardianship proceedings exist in the Probate Court for Oconee County, South Carolina for Norman Roy Dillard which plead that he was born to D. Holman Dillard on December 14, 1912, and at age 17 recovered a $900.00 judgment against Oconee Mills Co. for personal injuries suffered on January 2, 1930.

The records of the Probate Court for Oconee County, South Carolina show that Norman Roy Dillard (born in 1912 according to Oconee County cemetery card survey) died intestate at age 63 on December 24, 1975 survived by his wife, Ruth Brewster Dillard, and his children, Cheryl Dillard Webb, age 21, Norma Jean Dillard Morton, age 27, Vicki Dillard Shirley, age 25, Gary Dillard, age 14, and Garland Eric Dillard, age 6. He is buried in First Baptist Church Cemetery of Westminster, South Carolina. The Oconee County Cemetery survey indicates that Ruth Brewster Dillard, born 1929, who died March 21, 1990, a daughter of Frank Brewster and Ila Belle Wood Brewster, is buried at Clearmont Baptist Church cemetery in Westminster, South Carolina.

According to information from Floree Dillard Gilden, Malory Dillard, the youngest child of Holman Dillard, is buried in Memorial Park in Seneca, South Carolina and had several children, including Dewena Dillard.

Versy Dillard Ballentine married Will Ballentine and lived in Hiram, Georgia. Her children consist of Faye Ballentine, Ray Ballentine, Connie Ballentine and perhaps one or two others who names are unknown.

Three other daughters of John B. Dillard, Jr. and Florida Wilburn Dillard migrated to Hiram, Georgia, a small town in Paulding County, Georgia a few miles northwest of Atlanta, Georgia. They were Gulie Dillard Sorrells, Vera Dillard Thackston and Missouri Dillard Brown, all three of whom are buried in Hiram, Georgia. The children of Gulie Dillard Sorrells are Edward Sorrells, Dillard Sorrells, Frank Sorrells, Gladys Dillard Sanders and Albert Sorrells. The marriage of "Goola" Dillard to Norman Sorrells which occurred on December 23, 1905 was reported in the Keowee Courier on page l, column D on December 27, 1905.

Nannie Vera Dillard married Ed Mathis as her first husband. Her second husband was Cliff Thackston. She had no children and is said to have died and been buried in the Hiram, Georgia area.

Sallie Missouri Dillard married Will Brown and is said to be buried in the Hiram, Georgia community. She had only one child, Ernest Brown, who after residing in Greenville, South Carolina was last known to have been a resident of Florida.

Revised through October 5, 1994. All rights reserved by John M. Dillard, Post Office Box 91, Greenville, South Carolina 29602.
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“Rabun” John Dillard, Revolutionary Minute Man
August 12, 1755-June 5, 1842


Any presentation of the descendants of James Dillard and Sarah Barnard Dillard would
be incomplete without including John Dillard, the father of James Dillard. He served as a minute
man in the American Revolution. He lived out his final years in Rabun County. He has been
nicknamed “Rabun John” by Dillard writers to distinguish him from other John Dillards.
Much has been written by many about some part of the life of Rabun John Dillard. Some
of those on the internet contain unproved fabrications, factual inaccuracies and leave out
important facts. One of the purposes of the within is to present Rabun John Dillard’s life all in
one place. Another is to preserve genealogical proof in research relating to him that has been
accumulated over many years by experienced researchers whose work is mostly unpublished. 1
John Dillard, self described as a “backwoods man,” and a migratory pioneer on the
cutting edge of new counties, covered a wide geographic area. He resided in Culpeper, Halifax
and Pittsylvania Counties, Virginia, Washington County (North Carolina, State of Franklin and
Tennessee), Burke and Buncombe Counties, North Carolina and finally Rabun County, Georgia.
What John Dillard said about himself on July 7, 1834 in his application for a federal
pension for his Revolutionary services is the focal point of proof for all events in his life 2 That
was in his sworn affidavit before the judges of the Rabun County Inferior Court. He was then 79
years of age and a resident of Rabun County. 3 Rabun John Dillard outlined his military activity
in the Pittsylvania County militia between 1776 and 1780 in considerable detail. He stated that
he moved to Buncombe County and then to Rabun County where he had lived for eleven years. 4
That Edward Dillard who resided in Culpeper County was the father of Rabun John
Dillard is based upon the fact that in 1779 Rabun John Dillard was issued a patent for 320 acres
of land on Straightstone Creek in Halifax County in a part that had become Pittsylvania County.
This is the same land for which Edward Dillard in 1755 obtained a warrant and survey 5 after
1 These researchers include Howard V. Jones, who emphasized work on Rabun John Dillard, Dorothy Dillard
Hughes, deceased, and Lucile Robinson Johnson, deceased.
2 Application of John Dillard of Virginia No. S 31,649 Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant
Application Files, 1800-1900, Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15, National Archives, Washington,
D. C.
3 If Rabun John Dillard was 79 years old in 1834 as he stated that would make his date of birth 1755 not 1760. The
writing over of 1760 in his affidavit in his pension application leaves clearly legible 1755 written underneath. The
date of birth of 1760 is on his grave stone that was erected in 1939.
4 Contents of affidavit and response to questions by the judges of the Rabun County Inferior Court in the above
pension file.
5 Halifax County, Virginia Surveys No. 1 at page 132 cited by Howard V. Jones in “Edward Dillard of Culpeper and
Pittsylvania Counties.”
John Dillard, Revolutionary Minute Man
244
moving from Culpeper County to Halifax County but was never issued a patent. 1
Four Dillards in Culpeper County 1734-1755
Beginning about 1734 and continuing up through 1755 George Dillard, Edward Dillard,
John Dillard and Thomas Dillard appeared in land transactions in the Muddy Run at Hazel River
and in the Gourdvine Fork areas of what became Culpeper County in 1748. 2 Some of their
properties appeared to have adjoined each other. The Muddy Run area was generally near the
confluence of Muddy Run with the Hazel River not far from Little Fork Church and the Dillard-
Coons Cemetery where John Dillard, son of George Dillard, was later buried in 1808. The
Gourdvine Fork area was located a short distance west. These areas were then the unsettled wild
frontier. A 1776 map of Culpeper County has “Dillard’s Mill” marked. 3 These areas were a few
miles north of modern Culpeper, Virginia.
Thomas Dillard obtained a land grant for 550 acres on Muddy Run on February 27,
1734. 4 On November 24, 1749 Thomas Dillard obtained a quit claim grant from Thomas Lord
Fairfax for this same 550 acres. This 1749 grant recited that John Latham (later George Dillard)
was an adjoining land owner. 5 George Dillard received a land grant for 400 acres in what would
become Culpeper County 6 in the Gourdvine Fork of Hazel River on June 19, 1735 adjoining
William Lobb. 7 Thomas Dillard and George Dillard were called for as adjoining property
owners to this real estate in a third party deed. 8
John Dillard on June 23, 1749 received a land grant from Thomas Lord Fairfax for 300
acres adjoining John and Martin Nalle on the north side of the Hazel River in the Gourdvine
Fork “adjoining John Dillard’s former survey” near Grindstone Mountain. 9 John Dillard was
also the owner of 166 acres on Hazel River in the Gourdvine Fork at the foot of Grindstone
Mountain adjoining his own land and John and Martin Nalle in a land warrant and survey dated
December 2, 1749. 10 John Dillard’s property at the foot of Grindstone Mountain appears west
1 Virginia Land Office Patents Book A, 1779-1780, page 60 cited by Howard V. Jones, in “George Dillard of
Culpeper County” at page 105.
2
Orange County Deed Book A page 303 to Thomas Dillard witnessed by Edward and George Dillard cited in
“Edward Dillard of Culpeper and Pittsylvania,” Howard V. Jones, February 16, 1991, page 102; Dillards in Virginia
Official Virginia Records and Some of their Implications, Dorothy Dillard Hughes, at page 8.
3 “A New and Accurate Map of the County of Culpeper and Regions of Madison and Rappahannock: Virginia 1776”
drawn by Eugene F. Scheel for the Second National Bank of Culpeper furnished by Lucile R. Johnson showing
“Dillard’s Mill.” Lucile R. Johnson examining the chain of title to the property labeled “Dillard’s Mill” concludes
that it was the site of the 190 acres owned by John Dillard, buried nearby and son of George Dillard, obtained by
George Dillard from the elder Edward Dillard who obtained it in 1737. Letter dated February 10, 1997.
4 Dorothy Dillard Hughes, id., citing Cavaliers and Pioneers, Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants, Nell
M. Nugent, Virginia Genealogical Society, Richmond, Va., Dietz Print Co. (1934) Vol. 4 (1732-1741), at page 68.
5 Northern Neck Grant G at pages 323, 328 and329. The 550 acre tract was sold as a part of a 1,100 acre tract to
Wallis on March 15, 1750 in Culpeper County Deed Book A at page 140.
6 Orange County was created in 1737 from the western part of Spotsylvania County. That part became a part of
Culpeper County in 1748
7 Virginia Land Office Patent and Grant Book 15, 1732-1735 at page 533.
8 Deed to Calvin Price recorded on January 28, 1749 in Orange County Deed Book G at page 217.
9 Northern Neck Grant Book G at page 213.
10 Northern Neck Grant Book G at page 419; Abstracts of Virginia’s Northern Neck Warrants and Surveys, 1710-
1780, Vol. III at page 51 cited by Howard V. Jones in “ John Dillard, Sr. of Culpeper”, at page 2.
John Dillard, Revolutionary Minute Man
245
of the Muddy Run area near the Rappahannock County line.
Edward Dillard Lands
George Dillard conveyed to Edward Dillard, the reputed father of Rabun John Dillard,
100 acres in the Gourdvine Fork of Hazel River on September 24, 1740. These 100 acres were
recited to be a part of 400 acres granted to George Dillard in 1735 above mentioned. This deed
was witnessed by Thomas Dillard. 1
Edward Dillard on March 25, 1747 sold to John Nalle the 100 acres he had earlier
acquired from George Dillard the deed to which indicates that Edward had by 1747 married
Elizabeth Dillard. 2 These 100 acres were reacquired by Edward Dillard on September 21, 1749 3
1749 3 and were resold again by Edward Dillard to Martin Nalle on February 6, 1755. 4 In that
deed it is recited that Edward Dillard resided on this 100 acres. George Dillard was a witness to
this deed.
These four Dillards were involved in Culpeper County in other matters. Thomas Dillard
served as a lay reader in 1740 in Little Fork Church of St. Mark’s Parish 5 that had been created
to serve the Culpeper County area in 1731. John Dillard, alleged brother of Thomas, George and
Edward Dillard, was elected clerk of St. Mark’s Parish in 1747 through 1752 in the “Upper
Church” (indicating Little Fork Church) and was paid for his services in tobacco. 6 John Dillard
later was a member of Broomfield Parish that had in 1752 been split from St. Mark’s Parish. He
and his wife, Sophie, in 1774 were witnesses to the Will of John Brown in Broomfield Parish,
Culpeper County. 7
Thomas Dillard was a witness to the deed of William Eddins recorded on July 6, 1744. 8
Both John Dillard and George Dillard were witnesses to a deed given by John Graves recorded
on September 26, 1745. 9 George Dillard purchased personal property from the estate of William
William Kirby in Culpeper County in 1751. 10 A release was signed by Thomas Dillard in the
lawsuit of Samuel Parks v. Thomas Dillard on October 25, 1749 which was witnessed by George
Dillard and Edward Dillard. 11 Edward Dillard, Thomas Dillard and John Dillard were named in
1 Orange County, Virginia Deed Book IV page 228 cited by Howard V. Jones in “Edward Dillard of Culpeper and
Pittsylvania.”
2 Orange County Deed Book Deed Book 10 at pages 480 and 481 dated March 25, 1747.
3 Orange County Deed Book A at page 32.
4 Culpeper County Deed Book B (1753-1756) at page 322 cited by Howard V. Jones, id. at page 103.
5 The churches described in Culpeper and Pittsylvania counties were Anglican (Church of England), the official
religion of England where no separation of church and state existed. The Dillards in those counties appeared solidly
Anglican until after the Revolution.
6 Abstracted St. Mark’s Parish Vestry Book 1730-1785, Rosalie Edith Davis, Manchester, Missouri (1983) pages
42, 45, 62, 63, 64 and 104.
7 Dorothy Dillard Hughes, Culpeper County, Virginia Dillards at pages 46-48 citing Wulfeck, Culpeper County
Will Books B and C at page 33.
8 Orange County Deed Book 9 at page 190.
9 Orange County Deed Book 10 at page 224.
10 Abstracted Culpeper County Will Book A, 1749-1770, John Frederick Dorman, privately published, Washington,
D. C. (1956).
11 Culpeper County, Virginia Deed Book A at page 303.
John Dillard, Revolutionary Minute Man
246
the accounts of the Estate of John Bomar on August 18, 1757. 1
Following his February 6, 1755 sale to Martin Nalle it appears that Edward Dillard had
moved or was in the process of leaving Culpeper and moving to Halifax County where he
obtained applied for a land patent in 1755. In February 1755 Rabun John Dillard had not yet
been born. Later in 1755 Rabun John Dillard would have been an infant whose birth was in the
same year that his father had moved or was getting ready to move. 2
Thomas Dillard also moved to Halifax County, Virginia about the same time. The
reference to Thomas Dillard as an adjoining property owner in a deed to Robert Eastman on
September 19, 1751 3 was the last appearance of Thomas Dillard in Culpeper County.
George Dillard remained in Culpeper County until his death in 1790. 4 John Dillard 5
also remained in Culpeper County and could have lived there later than 1774. 6 There is no direct
direct genealogical proof of the relationship between George, Thomas, Edward and John Dillard
or their origins. Based upon the above circumstantial proof it is plausible that they were
brothers.
The Elder Edward Dillard
Edward Dillard, the alleged father of Rabun John Dillard, may have been in the area at
the same time as an older Edward Dillard. The older Edward Dillard may have been the father
of the younger Edward Dillard and a grandfather to Rabun John Dillard. John Parks sold to
Edward Dillard on November 23, 1737 190 acres in St. Marks Parish, Orange County, later
Culpeper County, on Muddy Run of the Great Fork of Rappahannock River adjoining John
Bowmer and John Latham. 7
That this November 23, 1737 deed could be a deed to the elder Edward Dillard is
principally based upon the fact that this same 190 acres became the home place of George
Dillard, his reputed son, who lived in Culpeper County until 1790 and for whom no deed
conveying this property can be found. George Dillard could have obtained title to this property
by primogeniture. 8 The younger Edward Dillard, alleged father of Rabun John Dillard, owned
1 Culpeper County, Virginia Will Book A at page 39 referenced by Howard V. Jones, in "Edward Dillard of
Culpeper and Pittsylvania Counties" at page 103.
2 Did Edward Dillard leave his wife, Elizabeth, behind in Culpeper County until after Rabun John was born?
3 Culpeper County Deed Book A at page 31
4 Culpeper County, Virginia Will Book C at page 388. Named in this will as the children of George Dillard were
John Dillard, Samuel Dillard, Major Dillard, James Dillard, Ann Freeman, Eliza Duncan and Sarah Colvin.
5 It has been concluded that James Dillard of Laurens District, South Carolina 1755-1836, and his known brother,
William Dillard, could have been sons of this John Dillard. “‘Oops,’Another James Dillard,” Dillard Annual.
Volume 4, page 33, 1997. It has been speculated by the research of Lucile R. Johnson that Elizabeth Dillard who
married Robert Strother of Culpeper County could have been another child of this John Dillard.
6 John Dillard a son of George Dillard was in the area at the same time. The deeds dated before 1755 clearly appear
to be those of the older John Dillard.
7 Orange County, Virginia Deed Book No. 2, page 199 cited by Dorothy D. Hughes in Genealogy of the First Four
Generations of Dillards in America at page 12.
8 The English law of primogeniture that fee simple lands descended by operation of law to the eldest son of a
deceased intestate land owner was not abolished in Virginia until 1785. “Primogeniture and Entail in Colonial
John Dillard, Revolutionary Minute Man
247
100 acres on Gourdvine Fork of Hazel River located elsewhere beginning in 1740. On the death
of George Dillard in 1790 this 190 acre home place was referred to as where “deceased lastly
lived” in a deed from the children of George Dillard to their brother, John Dillard, dated January
13, 1791 in the settlement of the real estate of George Dillard under his will. 1
This elder Edward Dillard may, or may not, be the same as Edward Dillard, Jr. who
witnessed a deed from Guy Thomas to Robert Eastman dated January 18, 1728 for property in
King and Queen County, Virginia. 2 A witness to this deed was John Bowmar who was a
neighbor of older Edward Dillard who received the November 23, 1737 deed. Robert Eastman,
the grantee in this 1728 deed was also a witness to the November 23, 1737 deed to Edward
Dillard in Orange County. 3 In 1734 Edward Dillard was summoned to testify in Orange County
for John Bowmar. 4
An Edward Dillard was shown as the owner of 150 acres in King and Queen County in
the 1704 English Quit Rent Rolls of that county not published until 1924. 5 The older Edward
Dillard of the 1737 deed may, or may not, have been the same person as the Edward Dillard
owning land in the 1704 Quit Rent Rolls. If he is, he was in his late fifties or early sixties when
he acquired the land in Orange County in 1737. 6 The Edward Dillard of the 1704 Quit Rent
Rolls may, or may not, have been the son of George Dillard, the founder who entered
Jamestown, Virginia along with 107 other persons on an English ship as a headright 7 of Captain
Moore Fauntleroy on May 22, 1650. 8
The existence of an older Edward Dillard above related is founded on deductions from
circumstantial as opposed to direct proof. 9
Tentacles into King and Queen (New Kent) County
Thomas Dillard left records between 1717 and 1728 in Essex County, Virginia in the
administration of the estate of Anthony North, first husband of Thomas’ wife, Winifred, and her
Virginia,” C. Ray Keim, The William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, Vol. 25, No. 4 (1968) at pages 545-586.
1 Culpeper County, Virginia Deed Book Q at page 45 cited by Howard V. Jones in “Edward Dillard of Orange
County”.
2 Howard V. Jones in “Edward Dillard of Orange County” citing Virginia County Records-Spotsylvania County
Records, 1721-1800, William Armstrong Crozier, Fox, Duffield & Co., New York, New York (1905) at page 105.
3 Orange County, Virginia Deed Book II at page 199.
4 Howard V. Jones, id.
5 “ The Virginia Quit Rent Rolls, 1704,” The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Virginia Historical
Society, Vol. 32, No. 2, April 1924.
6 There may have been other Edward Dillards in Virginia in the time period such as the Edward Dillard who died in
Middlesex County in 1757 according to Howard V. Jones in “Edward Dillard of Orange County” dated December 7,
2004 at page 2. Other Dillards shown on the 1704 Quit Rent Rolls were Nicholas and Thomas for 150 acres each
and George Dillard 325 acres. Dorothy Dillard Hughes in Dillards in Virginia, Official Virginia Records and Some
of their Implications, pages 2, 4.
7 “Headright” was the person transported from abroad who was usually an indentured servant for a period of years.
8 Howard V. Jones in “George Dillard, the Founder,” December 15, 1990 at page 1 citing and Cavaliers and
Pioneers, id., pages 194,195, English Duplicates of Lost Virginia Records, Louis des Cognets, Jr., 1958 at page 150
and Virginia Land Office Patent and Grant Book 2 at page 231.
9 Most researchers agree that the existence of an elder Edward Dillard could be speculative.
John Dillard, Revolutionary Minute Man
248
father, Martin Nalle. 1 George Dillard was a witness to the probating of the will of Martin
Nalle. 2 Essex County that was created in 1672 adjoins King and Queen County on the north.
George Dillard “the founder” was on November 29, 1665 granted 250 acres of land in New Kent
County, Virginia for the transportation of five persons in a part that became King and Queen
County. 3 This property was on the branches of Tassiotomp Swamp and adjoined lands George
Dillard “did live upon.” 4 This property is located east of Richmond and north of Williamsburg,
Virginia between West Point and Shackelfords a few miles east of the second Stratton Major
Church not far from where the Mattaponi River empties into York River. 5
George Dillard served on a jury on September 2, 1765 in a proceeding to escheat lands
of an intestate decedent to the crown. 6 On April 21, 1690 George Dillard was still living in
Stratton Major Parish, New Kent County on the north side of the Mattaponi River as recited in a
deed to adjoining property. 7 This land became King and Queen County in 1691. A deed dated
October 20, 1691 to adjoining property called for “George Dillard’s plantation.” 8 George Dillard
Dillard on April 20, 1694 received a patent for 139 acres in King and Queen County adjoining
Collins and others for transporting three persons. 9
The burning of the King and Queen County court house in 1828 and again by Union
troops in 1864 and the 1787 burning of the New Kent County court house by John Price Posey
for which he was hanged destroyed Dillard records. Further destruction occurred in the 1865
burning by Confederate forces of county records archived in a warehouse in Richmond.
The destruction of King and Queen and New Kent County records destroyed what may
have been direct proof of the relationships between the above mentioned four Dillards, the older
Edward Dillard and George Dillard. Exceptions are the probated estates of George Dillard who
died in 1790 in Culpeper County and of Thomas Dillard who died in 1774 in Pittsylvania
County. What is left is only circumstantial proof.
Migration to Pittsylvania County
Rabun John Dillard in his affidavit to obtain a Revolutionary pension stated that on
February 1, 1776 through March 22, 1780 he served in the Pittsylvania County, Virginia militia.
1 Howard V. Jones, id., citing Essex County Wills, Bonds, Inventories, Etc., 1722-1730, John Frederick Dorman,
privately published, Washington, D. C. (1961) pages 73 and 80.
2 Index to Marriages of Old Rappahannock & Essex County Virginia 1655-1900, Eva Eubank Wilkerson, Clearfield
Co., Richmond, Va. 1953 at page 272. The Nalles mentioned in above mentioned Dillard deeds were relatives of
Winifred Nalle (North) Dillard who was a child of Martin Nalle and whose second husband was Thomas Dillard.
3 Virginia Land Office Patent and Grant Book 5 at page 456; Virginia County Records, id,,Vol. VI pages 209 and
269 cited by Howard V. Jones in “George Dillard the Founder.”
4 Dorothy Dillard Hughes in Dillards in Official Virginia Records and Some of their Implications, pages 1 and 2
citing Virginia Land Office Patent and Grant Book 5 at page 456.
5 Dorothy Dillard Hughes, id., page 2.
6 “Inquisitions on Escheated Land 1665-1676”, The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 22 at pages 28 and 29, 1977 cited by
Dorothy Dillard Hughes, id.
7 Patent of Edward and John Lewis “adjoining the plantation of George Dillard,” Virginia Land Office Patent and
Grant Book 8 at pages 37 and 42 cited by Dorothy Dillard Hughes, id.
8 Virginia Land Office Patent and Grant Book 8 at page 209 cited by Dorothy Dillard Hughes, id., page 3.
9 Id.
John Dillard, Revolutionary Minute Man
249
That suggests that he resided in that county until the end of the Revolution in 1782. Rabun John
Dillard first lived in Halifax County, Virginia until where he resided became a part of
Pittsylvania County in 1767. Rabun John Dillard on that date would have been about twelve
years old.
Halifax County Map and Plat Book Survey 1 at page 132 depicts a plat of a 320 acre tract
of land on Buck Branch of Straightstone Creek that was surveyed for Edward Dillard on April
24, 1755. Notes in this plat of survey indicate that Thomas Dillard was an adjoining property
owner. This property is the believed home place of Edward Dillard in that he appeared to own no
other property in the county. The notes further state “this land was transferred to John Dillard
the 27 th of September, 1779.” A deed on adjoining property refers to “Edward Dillard’s old
plantation.” 1
Thomas Dillard appeared to reside next door. Thomas “Dilliard” on July 4, 1759
obtained a land grant for 404 acres on both sides of the north fork of Great Straightstone Creek in
Halifax County, Virginia. 2 Thomas Dillard was prominent in Halifax and Pittsylvania counties.
He was a justice of the peace, 3 a vestryman and warden in Antrim Parish Church and the chief
officer over the county militia. 4 After Pittsylvania County was created from Halifax County in
1767, he became a vestryman in Camden Parish Church 5 where he as a lay reader and was
appointed county coroner. 6 Thomas Dillard and his son, Thomas Dillard, Jr., became large land
owners in Pittsylvania County. 7
The vestry book of Antrim Parish Church dated November 1756 recited “For reasons
appearing to this vestry Edward Dillard is exempted from the payment of parish levies in the
future.” The reason for this vestry action is not disclosed. 8 Rabun John Dillard, then some six
years old, and his believed sister, Ann, 9 were in June 1761 “bound out” to Thomas Dillard, Jr.,
son of Thomas Dillard. The circumstances for this binding out are not disclosed in the record. 10
1 Deed from Thomas Dillard to Thomas Dillard, Jr. dated November 12, 1768 recorded in Pittsylvania County Deed
Book I at page 253 cited by Howard V. Jones in” George the Founder” at page 13.
2 Virginia Land Office Patent and Grant Book 33 1756-1761 at page 596. Halifax County Map and Plat Book
Survey 1 at page 132 states that this property there referred to as 400 acres was surveyed for Thomas Dillard on
April 23, 1755 and adjoined property he already owned.
3 Halifax County Pleas Book I, 1752-1755, page 12, cited by Howard V. Jones, id., page 38.
4 Maude Carter Clement, History of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, Lynchburg, Virginia, 1929, pages 58, 60; Atrium
Parish Vestry Book, 1765-1767 cited by Howard V. Jones id., at page 39.
5 Vestry Book, Camden Parish at page 6 where on July 14, 1760 Thomas Dillard, Jr. was a vestryman and on a
committee to find a site for the new Camden Parish Church cited by Howard V. Jones, id., page 44.
6 Maude Carter Clement, id., pages 94 and 279; Dorothy Dillard Hughes, Joseph and Priscilla Wilkins Dillard,
October 31, 1999 at page 8; Genealogy of the First Four Generations of Dillard in Virginia, page 11, Pittsylvania
County Order Book I at page 268 cited by Howard V. Jones, id..
7 Pittsylvania County Record Book, Land Records 1737-1770, pages 154-155; Virginia Land Office Patent and
Grant Book 33 1756 pages 596 and 41 1772-73 page 329 cited by Howard V. Jones, id., page 37.
8 Antrim Parish had been formed in 1752 at the same time that Halifax County was created. Antrim Parish, Halifax
County 1752-1767, Maude Carter Clement, 1952 on the internet www.ictorianvilla.com.
9 Rabun John Dillard and Ann Dillard appear to be the only two children of Edward Dillard and his wife, Elizabeth
Dillard. This small number was unusual for people of that time. Ann Dillard disappeared from all records.
10 Halifax County Virginia Court Records 1752-1759 at page 264 cited by Dorothy D. Hughes in Culpeper County
Virginia Dillards at page 45 and Halifax County Plea Book III dated June 1761 at page 265 cited by Howard V.
Jones, id. at page 13. Did Edward Dillard have health or other problems?
John Dillard, Revolutionary Minute Man
250
Nothing further is known about Ann Dillard. Edward Dillard was possibly a witness to a deed in
1777 1 and a defendant in a dismissed law suit in 1779. 2 The patent issued to Rabun John Dillard
Dillard for the 320 acres suggests that Edward Dillard by 1779 was probably deceased. There is
no record of an estate for Edward Dillard.
A land grant from the Commonwealth of Virginia to John Dillard dated October 20, 1779
found in Virginia Land Office Grants Book A, 1779-1780 at pages 60 and 61 conveyed 320 acres
on Birch Branch of Straitstone Creek in Halifax County which by then was in Pittsylvania
County. The beginning point for this land is the corner of property of Thomas Dillard. A 1780
deed from Rabun John Dillard to Thomas Dillard conveying 125 acres of this 320 acre tract was
probably given for straightening up of boundaries of adjoining Thomas Dillard. 3 A deed on the
same date was from Thomas Dillard to John Dillard for 15 acres on Musterfield Branch of
Straightstone Creek referred to a fork formerly settled by Edward Dillard. 4
Rabun John Dillard was possibly a witness to a deed from James Dillard to Thomas
Dillard, Sr. recorded on June 14, 1773 for property located in Bedford County, Virginia. 5
Elizabeth Dillard, the wife of Edward Dillard, along with Rabun John Dillard and his future
father in law, Thomas Vaughan, were witnesses the will of Thomas Dillard, Sr. dated May 4,
1774. 6
Military Service in Pittsylvania County
The affidavit of Rabun John Dillard for his Revolutionary pension application states that
while he was a resident of Pittsylvania County his military service covered ten months and
eighteen days between 1776 and 1780. The events described are mostly verifiable in
documented third party records with some discrepancies in places and dates and in the spelling
of names.
Rabun John Dillard stated that he was a volunteer under Captain Dillard (given name not
indicated), Colonel Lewis and General Stephens when on February 1, 1776 he marched to
Petersburg "by James Town" to Williamsburg, "thence to Little York" and thence to the
Chesapeake Bay to the Rappahannock River opposite Gwynn's Island where the British Fleet
lay in anchor. He then fought in a bombardment from the British Fleet "over half a day" and was
stationed on the coast to keep the enemy from "landing and plundering the inhabitants." 7
Third party sources state that Captain Thomas Dillard and his company marched from
Pittsylvania County through the counties of Halifax, Charlotte and Dinwiddie to the Town of
1 Pittsylvania County Deed Book IV at page 355 cited by Howard V. Jones, id., page 13.
2 Pittsylvania County Order Book IV at page 24 cited by Howard V. Jones, id.
3 Pittsylvania County, Virginia Deed Book VI at page 64.
4 Pittsylvania County Deed Book VI at page 113 cited by Howard V. Jones in “George Dillard of Culpeper County”
at page 105.
5 Bedford County Virginia Deed Book IV at page 508 cited by Howard V. Jones in ”George the Founder” dated
February 26, 1993 at page 106.
6 Pittsylvania County Deed Book V at page 409 cited by Howard V. Jones, id., page 14 and in “George, the Founder”
dated December 15, 1990 at page 40.
7 John Dillard Pension File S31,649, id..
John Dillard, Revolutionary Minute Man
251
Petersburg, crossed the James River at Cobham and proceeded on to Gwynn's Island. Here, they
were stationed several weeks under General Andrew Lewis and took part in the partly naval
battle fought there on July 9, 1776. 1 This was the Battle of Gwynn’s Island near Williamsburg,
Virginia where a few days after the signing of the Declaration of Independence General Andrew
Lewis defeated the last Virginia British royal governor, Lord Dunmore, who fled with his armada
never to return. 2
Rabun John Dillard in his affidavit then stated that "many other backwoods men" became
sick and were taken home in baggage wagons; he arrived back home on August 1, 1776 where
on that day Captain Dillard (given name not indicated) dismissed his men, but mustered together
as many as he could to march to the Long Island on Holstein River, then in North Carolina, now
Tennessee; and that he was unable to go and remained at home.
The fact that the Captain Dillard (first name not given) in John's pension affidavit was
Thomas Dillard, Jr., can be verified from third party records. Thomas Dillard, Jr., was lieutenant
colonel of the Pittsylvania County Militia, 3 was commander of safety, a justice of the peace and a
a vestryman, as was his father before him. 4 At a session of court held on September 25, 1777,
Thomas Dillard, Jr., as a justice of the peace was ordered to administer the oath of allegiance in
Pittsylvania to "all male inhabitants in the district of Isaac Clement." 5 Rabun John Dillard at one
time also served in the company of Captain Isaac Clements.
Rabun John Dillard then stated in his affidavit that on February 1, 1778 he volunteered
under Captain Dillard (given name not indicated) and Colonel Clark and marched to Boone's
Fort on the Kentucky River then in Virginia but now in Kentucky. He stated he arrived there on
March 26, 1778 and remained there three months and two weeks; that on July 10, 1778 he
marched to the falls of the Ohio River and arrived there on July 20, 1778 .6 where he built a
stockade fort and two log cabins on an island in the river; that on August 1, 1778 he was sent
back home with a group of sick men, including Captain Dillard, and arrived back there on
August 18, 1778, where he received a written discharge, which he lost. 7
Pittsylvania County, Virginia Judgment Book 4, Page 345 records that at a court held on
October 17, 1780, "Benjamin Dillard 8 was appointed Ensign and John Dillard Second Lieutenant
1 Frances Hallam Hurt, id., page 151; Military Records of Pittsylvania County 1767-1783, (taken from Judgment
Books 1, 2 and 4 and Deed Book 4, Pittsylvania County, Virginia), page 5.
2 “Life on the Roan Oak before 1802,” Salem Civic Center, Matthews County, Virginia at www.salemmuseum.org.
3 Pittsylvania County Order Book I at page 14 cited by Howard V. Jones, id, at page 44.
4 An Intimate History of the American Revolution in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, Frances Hallam Hurt, The Womack
Press, 1976, Virginia-N.C.Piedmont Genealogical Society, 1983, page 151.
5 Military Records of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, 1767-1783, id, page 5.
6 Maude Carter Clement, History of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, id. at page 154 states that in July, 1778 members
of Captain Dillard's Company (referring to Thomas Dillard, Jr.) were transferred to Captain Clark's Regiment "into
the country known as Illinois" of which they took possession.” While the Ohio River runs along the southern part of
Illinois, the pension application affidavit does not mention Illinois.
7 It is documented that in the spring of 1778 a John Dillard as a lieutenant under Captain Donelson was involved in
an expedition against Indians on the warpath who vanished in the face of opposition. Frances Hallam Hurt, id., at
page 151. Captain Donelson and an Indian expedition are not mentioned in John's pension records. The John Dillard
mentioned here may or may not be Rabun John Dillard.
8 Benjamin Dillard was a son of Thomas Dillard, Jr.
John Dillard, Revolutionary Minute Man
252
Lieutenant in Captain Isaac Clement’s Company of Militia", and at page 347 that "John Dillard
produced a commission and took the oath as second lieutenant" at a court held on October 17,
1780.
Rabun John Dillard then stated in his affidavit that on January 27, 1780 he was ordered
out as a part of the Pittsylvania County militia with General Greene to the Dan River in Halifax
County against British Lord Cornwallis where he was commanded by Captain Isaac Clements
and Colonel Perkins and where he served as a lieutenant; that he was dismissed without a written
discharge on March 22, 1780 and arrived home on March 27, 1780. 1
The pension affidavit understates what was the major Revolutionary Battle of Guilford
Court House near Greensboro, North Carolina in which 4,400 Americans assembled consisting
of 1,700 Continentals and 2,700 militia. During this five day battle 550 British were reported
killed or wounded and 250 Americans were reported as missing or wounded. 2
Marriage; Ruth Dillard’s Maiden Name
The date of marriage of Rabun John Dillard is not disclosed in any known record. The
1790 United States census of Burke County, North Carolina indicates that by that date there were
three sons and four daughters in his family. The estimated date of his marriage in 1774 can be
deducted from these census records. Thomas Dillard, the probable oldest child of Rabun John
Dillard, was probably born about 1776. This indicates that Rabun John Dillard was probably
already married at the commencement of the Revolution.
The tradition of the Rabun County, Georgia Dillard family 3 is that the name of the wife
of Rabun John Dillard was Ruth Terry. Ruth seems correct, but no genealogical documentation
apart from this local tradition supports that Ruth was born a Terry.
Thomas Vaughan was the owner of land in Pittsylvania County on Straightstone Creek. 4
He was a neighbor of Thomas Dillard and Edward Dillard. Thomas Vaughan was a witness to
the will of and an appraiser of the estate of Thomas Dillard. 5 The 1786 will of Thomas Vaughan
Vaughan probated in Pittsylvania County devised a portion of his estate to his specifically named
daughter, Ruth Dillard. 6 The 1858 obituary for Sarah Dillard Davis, a daughter of Rabun John
Dillard, in Wayne County, Kentucky reads that her parents were John Dillard and Ruth Dillard. 7
1 In Pension file S31,649 Rabun John Dillard states that he served in the Revolution until March 22, 1780.
2 Battle of Guilford Court House 1781 on the internet at britishbattles.com.
3 The source of this repeated error is unknown. It may have started with the fact that the mother of Obadiah Terry
Dickerson was a Terry. A. J. Ritchie in his 1948 History of Rabun County, Georgia never names the wife of Rabun
John Dillard An examination of records in Pittsylvania County by Howard V. Jones failed to disclose a Ruth Terry
who married a Dillard.
4 Pittsylvania County Deed Book III at page 446 dated February 22, 1774 cited by Howard V. Jones in “The
Vaughan Family” dated November 1, 2003 at page 3.
5 Pittsylvania County Court Minutes II at page 401 dated June 23, 1774 cited by Howard V. Jones, id., page 5.
6 Pittsylvania County Will Book XI at page 166 for the will of Thomas Vaughan probated January 21, 1788.
7 Howard V .Jones, “Sarah Dillard, Daughter of John Dillard,” May 2, 2004 page 3 citing page 369 of an
unidentified book possibly June Bork, Wayne County, Kentucky, Volume II at page 369.
John Dillard, Revolutionary Minute Man
253
In November 1787 Rabun John Dillard brought suit against Thomas Vaughan for the
balance due on a bond. 1 In July of 1788 he obtained a judgment against Thomas Vaughan and
Daniel Jenkins on a replevy bond. 2 Rabun John Dillard is documented as a resident of
Washington County, North Carolina in 1783. It appears that in 1787 and 1788 he no longer
resided in Pittsylvania County suggesting that these suits were started after he had moved.
Thomas Dillard, Jr. sold out his home place property in Pittsylvania County to John Ward
by a deed recorded June 22, 1781 consisting of a 583 acre tract on Deans Branch and a 531 acre
tract on Straightstone Creek that called for Rabun John Dillard’s adjoining property. 3 Thomas
Dillard, Jr. was removed as a justice of the peace 1783. 4 This was probably where he was either
getting ready to move or had moved to Washington County, North Carolina. Washington
County records indicate that Rabun John Dillard and William Gregory, who had also been
“bound out” to Thomas Dillard, Jr., moved with him. There is no record of the sale of Rabun
John Dillard’s 320 acre tract of land in Pittsylvania County.
Chaos in the State of Franklin; Greasy Cove
Rabun John Dillard lived in Washington County, North Carolina at a tumultuous time in
which it was simultaneously the “State of Franklin” and the state of North Carolina between
1783 and 1787 before he obtained a land grant in 1789 in adjoining Burke County, North
Carolina. These few years were not mentioned in his Revolutionary pension affidavit.
Washington County, North Carolina with its court house at Jonesborough had been
formed in 1777. It included most lands now comprising present Tennessee. 5 This area was in
North Carolina when Thomas Dillard, William Gregory and Rabun John Dillard first arrived.
Dissatisfaction of the residents with their protection from Indian attacks and the lack of state
services resulted in the attempted creation of the State of Franklin under John Sevier in 1784.
Chaos and hostilities ensured when duplicate state and county officials and courts were
simultaneously held under both the authority of both the State of Franklin and the State of North
Carolina. Statehood for Franklin failed in Congress. In 1789 Tennessee covering this area was
admitted with the consent of North Carolina. 6
Martin Webb on April 19, 1784 conveyed to Thomas Dillard of Washington County 400
acres of land on the Nolichucky River adjoining John Webb at the foot of Buffalo Mountain at
Mountain Creek in Washington County Deed Book 2 at page 12. Martha Webb, the wife of
Thomas Dillard, Jr., was a daughter of Merry Webb. This deed focuses on the fact that the move
of Thomas Dillard, Jr. to Washington County had taken place before 1784.
On October 26 1786 North Carolina granted to William Gregory 96 acres in Washington
1 Pittsylvania County Court Records Book V at page 37 cited by Howard V. Jones, id.
2 Id. at page 137. It is uncertain whether this action is forThomas Vaughan Sr. or Thomas Vaughan, Jr.
3 Culpeper County, Virginia Deed Book VI at page 197 cited by Howard V. Jones, id. at page 107.
4 Maude Carter Clement, id. page 287.
5 Washington County, Tennessee Wills 1777-1872, Golden F. Burgner, Southern Historical Press, Greenville, South
Carolina, 1983
6 “State of Franklin” by Michael Toomey, East Tennessee Historical Society, on the web site
northcarolina.history.org. History of Tennessee, id.
John Dillard, Revolutionary Minute Man
254
County recorded in Washington County Deed Book 6 at page 404. A deed for the sale of this
land described it as “being in the Greasy Cove where William Gregory formerly lived.” 1
“Greasy Cove” was near the North Carolina-Tennessee border near present Erwin on the
Nolichucky River now in Unicoi County. 2 Greasy Cove it is alleged to have obtained its name
from the place where early hunters cleaned wild game. 3 Buffalo Mountain (now Pinnacle
Mountain) described in the Thomas Dillard, Jr. deed is a 3,500 feet high peak visible from
present U. S. Highway No. 26 leading from Asheville to Johnson City, Tennessee.
The direct proof that Rabun John Dillard was present in Washington County is found in
Washington County court minutes. On February 3, 1783 Rabun John Dillard with Thomas
Dillard and William Gregory “or any twelve officers” reviewed and marked off a road from
Colonel Dillard’s to Colonel Robertson. 4 A list of voters of Washington County in August 1786
included John Dillard 5 along with Thomas Dillard, Baxter Davis, Thomas Love, Robert Love 6
and William Gregory.
Defense against Indian attacks was critical to settlers in this frontier area. At the August
1787 term of the Court of Common Pleas and Quarter Sessions held in Washington County it
was ordered that “John Dillard, Gentleman, appointed ensign in said county came into open court
and took the oath …for the qualification of public officers.” 7 There is no record that Rabun John
John Dillard owned real estate in Washington County or was shown on its tax rolls.
Thomas Dillard, Jr. died in Washington County in 1784 and left a will. 8 Martha Webb
Dillard, the wife of Thomas Dillard, Jr. and her son Thomas Dillard (III) were shown after his
death on 1792-1802 lists of taxable’s in Greasy Cove District. 9 State of Franklin hostilities with
with politically active Robert Love 10 placed the Thomas Dillard, Jr. and related families on the
1 Deed from William Gregory to John Action dated August 4, 1798 recorded in Washington County, Tennessee
Deed Book 6 at page 424.
2 Unicoi County was organized out of Washington County in 1875.
3 Greasy Cove in Unicoi County, Pat Alderman, Overmountain Press, Johnson City, Tennessee, 1975 at page 3.
4 Washington County, Tennessee County Court Minute Book A at page 197 cited by Howard V. Jones, id.
5 Tennessee Ancestors, East Tennessee Historical Society, Volume 5, page 91 cited by Howard V. Jones in “George
the Founder” at page 2.
6 Robert Love said her was a “near neighbor” of William Gregory in Pittsylvania County. He came into the Greasy
Cove area with William Gregory with whom he resided until his marriage. Howard V. Jones email letter dated
August 16, 2012.
7 Folder 15, Box 2 records housed by Tennessee State Archives and History of Nashville, Tennessee also shown on
Microfilm Roll No. 224 covering Washington and Davidson Counties. This is a part of loose papers stored in boxes
and folders without page numbers.
8 Washington County, Tennessee Will Book D (1784) at pages 3-5; County Court Clerk’s Minutes, Court of
Common Pleas Quarter Sessions, Book III at page 325 dated May 12, 1788 and Volume IV at page 265 dated
November 7, 1785
9 Washington County, Tennessee Tax Records, Mary Hardin McCown, Nancy E. J. Sticckley, Inez E. Burns,
privately printed, Johnson City, Tennessee, 1964, Vo. 1 at pages 88, 104, 122, 159, 176, 193, 216, and 236 cited by
Howard V. Jones in “Thomas Dillard, Sr.” id.
10 Four of the children of Thomas Dillard, Jr. married Love brothers and a sister who were Wenosophia who married
James Love, Mary Ann Dillard who married Robert Love, Thomas Dillard III who married Dorcas Love, and
Martha Dillard who married Thomas Love. Heritage of Old Buncombe County, Albert Stevens McLean, Vol. 1,
Hunter Publishing Co., 1981 at page 196.
John Dillard, Revolutionary Minute Man
255
opposite side of the political fence with John Sevier. 1 Whether or not that political situation
prompted Rabun John Dillard to once again move, and this time into Burke County, North
Carolina is not documented.
Move to Buncombe (Burke) County, North Carolina
The direct proof that Rabun John Dillard as stated in his pension application affidavit
lived in Buncombe County is in Buncombe County Deed Book 24 at Page 399 where on October
26, 1826 John Dillard conveyed to Adam Miller two tracts of land and referred to himself as "of
the State of Georgia, County of Rabun." This 1826 deed identifies one of the two parcels as "the
lands that John Dillard of Georgia formerly lived and now occupied by William Pickens." The
1821 sale to William Pickens was for the first state grant Rabun John Dillard acquired in Burke
County in 1789. 2 The 1821 date in the Adam Miller deed ties down when Rabun John Dillard
had pulled up roots at age 66 and had moved or was moving to Rabun County, Georgia.
North Carolina Land Grant No. 21 recorded in Buncombe County Deed Book 2 at page 67
which states it was “entered on October 22, 1789” 3 conveyed to John Dillard 100 acres of land
on the South Fork of Flat Creek of the French Broad River. 4 The grant survey reads that the
1789 grant was transected by Flat Creek or "Rims Creek". William Gregory became his next
door neighbor. 5 In 1789 Burke County was the large westernmost county in North Carolina that
extended to the present Tennessee, Georgia and South Carolina borders. That part of Burke
County where Rabun John Dillard lived became Buncombe County in 1791.
The 1790 United States census for Burke County listed John Dillard as the head of a
household with three males under sixteen years of age and five females, including the female
head of a family with no slaves. The 1800 United States census for Buncombe County listed
John Dillard as the head of the household consisting of one male over 45 years of age 6 and with
one female over age 45. Also listed were three males ages 16 through 26, one male 10 years of
age or below, one female 10 years of age or below and two females ages 10 through 16 with no
slaves.
Court minutes in Buncombe County make many references to Rabun John Dillard only a
few of which are mentioned below. 7 Petitions were submitted to the North Carolina General
1 “Washington County” in History of Tennessee, Goodspeed Publishing Co., Nashville, Tennessee, 1886-1887, at
page 895.
2 Buncombe County Deed Book 19 at page 358 dated October 19, 1821.
3 Under 1777 land grant statutes of North Carolina property would be “entered” or physically located and a warrant
applied for to the state at the local land office. A survey would then be made and used for the preparation of a
“grant” signed by the governor with one copy sent to the grantee and a duplicate original retained by the state.
4 This grant No. 21 was issued January 6, 1794 and is found in North Carolina Land Grant Book 82 at page 121. It
was surveyed in October, 1792. Land Grant No.153 for the same 100 acres of land was also issued by the state on
January 6, 1794. Surveyor Robert Logan's plat of this original 100 acres is filed with the Secretary of State of North
Carolina as Entry No. 143.
5 Grant No. 1578 for 200 acres dated November 28, 1792 recorded in Buncombe County Deed Book S1-2 at page 70.
William Gregory appears next after Rabun John Dillard on the 1790 United States census for Burke County.
6 This substantiates his birth date as 1755 instead of 1760.
7 More details in the Buncombe County court minutes are in unpublished Dillard Deeds in Buncombe County, John
M. Dillard, 1995 who personally researched the court house records of Buncombe County and Washington County.
John Dillard, Revolutionary Minute Man
256
Assembly in November 1790 to form Buncombe County from Burke and Rutherford Counties.
Signatures to the petition included Rabun John Dillard. 1 The first court for the new county was
opened on April 16, 1792 at the home of Colonel William Davidson now within the present City
of Asheville. "The Court proceeded to the election of a ranger and did elect John Dillard .." 2
"John Dillard took the oath prescribed by law for the qualification of public officers and the oath
of office as Stray Master or Ranger." 3
On December 1, 1792, the North Carolina legislature appointed John Dillard and others
as commissioners to agree on a location for the county seat of Buncombe County. 4 At the April
1793 term of the court the commissioners reported that the "courthouse should stand at a big
branch between the Indian graves and Swannanoa [River] with the stocks and prison to be
convenient to the courthouse." 5
John Dillard and others in a 1792 petition to the North Carolina Legislature requested
compensation for their services as soldiers in the "late Continental Army." The petition was
before the North Carolina House and Senate on November 28 and 29, 1792, and was referred to
committee without final disposition. 6
At the January 1793 session of court it was stated that a “jury appointed to view mark and
lay off a road from the ford of Rims Creek to Austin Choate’s on Ivy River report that a good
convenient road can be made as follows, viz., beginning at the ford of Rims Creek and along the
Old Bald Mountain Road passing the house of John Dillard and along or near the ford…” 7
In April 1804 Thomas Love, John Dillard and Jacob Baylor were appointed to serve on a
jury to select the county sheriff. 8 In State v. William Dillard in October 1804 William Dillard, a
son of John Dillard, was ordered to pay Betsy Hunter the sum of fifteen pounds a year for three
years as allowance for caring and support of a "base born female child". 9 John Dillard "Senr." in
in 1807 returned to the court his list of stray animals from 1806 to 1807. In 1808 Rabun John
Dillard was on a commission to set the county tax levy. 10
In April 1809 Rabun John Dillard collected taxes in Captain Hughey's company. 11 John
Dillard gave a ranger's report to the court in April 1809 and in 1813. 12 The 1809 report included
1 Web site of Old Buncombe County Genealogical Society on the internet at obcgs.com/ffob.htm
2 A History of Buncombe County, North Carolina, F. A Sondley, Reprint Co., 1977 (originally published 1930,)
page 458.
3 Sondley, id., page 458.
4 Sondley, id., page 637.
5 Sondley, id., page 638. The Indian graves were on what is now Patton Avenue in Asheville .
6 “ Revolutionary War Claims Abstracts from Delmar Transcripts in Private Petitions to the North Carolina
Legislature,” Joe White Linn, reported in the North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal, Volume 4, No. 4 at
pages 40 and 45.
7 January 1793 Buncombe County Court Minutes supplied by Lucile R. Johnson
8 Buncombe County Court Proceedings, 1798-1812, Reel 18345, Morman Library, Salt Lake City, Utah page 116
read and summarized by Howard V. Jones.
9 Court Minutes, 1798-1812, id., page 208.
10 Court Minutes, 1798-1812, id., pages 321, 338, 343, 352.
11 Court Minutes, 1798-1812, id., pages 446 and 447.
12 Court Minutes, 1798-1812 id., pages 447, 531-532.
John Dillard, Revolutionary Minute Man
257
an $11.00 fine against John Dillard, Jr. for one steer.
Rabun John Dillard acquired additional properties contiguous to the 1789 grant. Another
grant from the state to John Dillard dated July 10, 1797 conveyed 100 acres on the waters of Flat
Creek "lying on the south of his old survey, including the fork of the wagon road." 1
A grant from the state to Rabun John Dillard dated March 28, 1808 conveyed 60 acres on
the south fork of Flat Creek "beginning on his hickory north corner by William Dillard's house
on Strother's line." 2 A grant from the state to John Dillard dated November 30, 1810 conveyed
100 acres on the south side of Flat Creek adjoining William Garrison, Bailey's Mill, and others. 3
The last property which John Dillard acquired at Flat Creek was by a deed from
Zachariah Candler dated April 1, 1820 in which Rabun John Dillard is designated as "John
Dillard, Sr." and was conveyed two tracts of land containing 100 acres each "including the
plantation whereon John Dillard, Jr. settled joining the said land that the aforesaid John Dillard,
Sr. does now live on the south side of one tract." 4
The total of the above deeds and grants made Rabun ohn Dillard by 1820 the owner of
560 acres of property at Flat Creek. The Flat Creek area is about ten miles north of present
Asheville, North Carolina toward Marshall near the Madison County line that was created from
Buncombe County in 1852. 5
Rabun John Dillard probably owned other properties in Buncombe County not at Flat
Creek. These probably were 150 acres on a ridge between Sandy Marsh and Turkey Creek
acquired in 1798, 6 100 acres on the Ivy River north of present Barnardsville acquired in 1809, 7
50 acres on both sides of the Ivy River acquired in 1809, 8 and 260 acres in the Big Ivy section
acquired in 1812. 9
Surrounded by Lands of his Four Sons
The most conspicuous revelation of the deeds in Buncombe County is that the four sons
of Rabun John Dillard purchased property at Flat Creek adjoining their father. This coupled with
census data is a greater part of the circumstantial proof that Thomas, John, Jr., William and
James Dillard were in fact his sons in that direct proof is absent.
1 Buncombe County, North Carolina Deed Book 4, Page 347.
2 Buncombe County, North Carolina Deed Book 3, Page 463. Grant No. 1644 Secretary of State of North Carolina. .
3 Buncombe County, North Carolina Deed Book D, Page 83.
4 Buncombe County Deed Book 14, page 250 dated April 1, 1820, recorded October 3, 1827.
5 Tracking the exact location of Rabun John Dillard’s property in Buncombe County is not without problems. The
physical deed descriptions stating it was located a short distance from the mouth of Flat Creek at French Broad
River does not coincide with the results of tracing the chain of title of successive owners from Rabun John Dillard.
6 Buncombe County Deed Book 4 at page 346 dated December 23, 1795.
7 Buncombe County Deed Book C at page 152.
8 Buncombe County Deed Book C at page 239.
9 Buncombe County, North Carolina Deed Book E at page 245. Some of these deeds could have been those for John
Dillard, a younger son of Thomas Dillard, Jr., who lived in Buncombe County prior to 1840.
John Dillard, Revolutionary Minute Man
258
Beginning in 1806 and continuing through 1810 a grouping of deeds to Thomas Dillard
appears covering property at Flat Creek. Baxter Davis, 1 his probable brother in law, by deed
dated March 15, 1806 conveyed to Thomas Dillard, a 100 acre tract of land. 2 A October 25,
1807 grant from the state to Thomas Dillard and Esquire Woods (Thomas married his probable
sister, Mary Ann Woods) conveyed 60 adjoining acres on Flat Creek . 3 Another grant from the
state to Thomas Dillard dated March 27, 1808 conveyed fifty acres on the north fork of Flat
Creek . 4 This fifty acre grant appeared to adjoin the above mentioned 60 acre tract acquired by
Rabun John Dillard on the same date. Thomas Dillard sold to William Chambers his three tracts
by deed dated August 15, 1810. 5 This sale included all tracts of land at Flat Creek owned by
Thomas Dillard. The 1810 date marks the departure of Thomas Dillard to Independence County,
Arkansas. 6
John Dillard, Jr. and James Gregory purchased by state grants lands on the south side of
Flat Creek adjoining the property of Rabun John Dillard. No deed where they acquired this
property is recorded. A part of these lands is shown on the land grant survey made by John
Patton, surveyor, dated October 24, 1810. 7 A full description of these lands was found only
when the property was sold in 1812 8 in a deed for which John Dillard, Jr., and James Gregory
"both of the State of Kentucky and County of Knox" conveyed to Zachariah Candler two tracts
of land of 100 acres each on the south fork of Flat Creek "joining the lands of the said John
Dillard, Jr. sold to Joseph Hughey on the north side" and "joining the land that the said James
Gregory sold to Chisholm Griffith on the south side." This property was resold by Zachariah
Chandler to Rabun John Dillard in Buncombe County Deed Book 14 at page 250 on April 1,
1820. The 1812 date establishes the departure of John Dillard, Jr. with James Gregory and
William Dillard to Knox County, Kentucky.
The 1808 grant for sixty acres from the state to Rabun John Dillard calls for a point
described as a “hickory north corner by William Dillard's house on Strother's line.” 9 The 105
acre tract owned by William Dillard at Flat Creek was purchased by him from Beverly Gregory,
his probable brother in law and a son of William Gregory, in Buncombe County Deed Book C at
Page 255 on August 16, 1810. The 105 acre tract was a part of a larger 200 acre tract which
William Gregory had obtained by state grant 10 that adjoined the Rabun John Dillard 1789 home
place. This 105 acre tract was contiguous to the 60 acre tract of his father. On August 15, 1812
1 This reference is probably to Baxter Davis, Jr. .
2 Buncombe County, North Carolina Deed Book 7, Page 650 recorded March 18, 1806. The identification of Sarah
Dillard Davis as a daughter of Rabun John Dillard was revealed only in recent years when Dr. Howard V. Jones and
another Dillard researcher attending a Dillard Reunion exchanged information.
11 Buncombe County, North Carolina Deed Book 3, Page 396 marked "entered April 22, 1803," dated October 25,
1807 and recorded October 25, 1807.
4 Buncombe County, North Carolina Deed Book 3, Page 461.
5 Buncombe County, North Carolina Deed Book 21 at page 242 recorded on June 12, 1838.
6 James L. Morgan in Arkansas Volunteers 1836-1837, Newport, Arkansas, 1984, at page 69 reads "Roster of Capt.
Jesse Bean Company of Mounted Rangers U.S. Army 1832-1833 lists Dillard, John, Pvt. 24, born N.C., Buncombe
Co, farmer. Enlisted August 25, 1832, Batesville, Independence Co., Arkansas, by Lt. King. Died August 15, 1833,
Fort Gibson, of cholera.”
7 North Carolina Land Grant Book 124 at page 437.
8 Buncombe County, North Carolina Deed Book E at Page 74 dated March 4, 1812, recorded December 8, 1812.
9 Buncombe County, North Carolina Deed Book 3, Page 376.
10 Grant No. 433 on May 20, 1796 recorded in Buncombe County, North Carolina Deed Book 4 at page 456.
John Dillard, Revolutionary Minute Man
259
William Dillard sold this 105 acre property to Andrew Guthrie. 1 The 1812 date pinpoints the
approximate date of departure of William F. Dillard from Buncombe County. He first migrated
to Knox County, Kentucky with his brother, John Dillard, Jr. and then moved with him to
Monroe County, Tennessee 2 where he was shown on the United States census for that county in
1830. By 1837 William Dillard had become a resident of Greene County, Missouri.
James Dillard purchased from John Strother through his attorney in fact, Robert Love, 3
on May 14, 1814 100 acres on Flat Creek. This property was located northeast of the 1789 home
place of Rabun John Dillard. James Dillard was age 21 in 1814. He later married Sarah Barnard
in 1816. What happened to this 100 acres tract of land when James Dillard migrated to Rabun
County, Georgia about 1821 is unknown in that there is no indexed record of its sale.
Three known and one possible daughter of Rabun John Dillard were near him in
Buncombe County, North Carolina. Baxter Davis, Jr., who married Sarah Dillard, a daughter of
Rabun John Dillard, is shown on the 1800 United States Buncombe County census. He owned
lands at Flat Creek. 4 He sold off his properties from 1806 through 1810. 5 Baxter Davis, Jr. and
and Sarah Dillard Davis moved to Pulaski County, Kentucky about 1815.
Henry Dryman, Jr. married Elizabeth Dillard, a daughter of Rabun John Dillard. Henry
Dryman, Sr. was shown on the 1810 United States census for Buncombe County. Henry
Dryman, Jr. owned property on Lee’s Mill Road and the French Broad River. 6 Henry Dryman,
Jr. was a witness to the deed where Thomas Dillard sold out to William Chambers in 1810.
Henry Dryman, Jr. sold his Buncombe County property in 1823. 7 The Drymans left Buncombe
County about that date with Rabun John Dillard, James Dillard and Mary Rebecca Dickerson to
settle just across the line from Rabun County in Macon County, North Carolina.
Mary Rebecca Dillard Dickerson, daughter of Rabun John Dillard, married Obadiah
Terry Dickerson of Montgomery County, Virginia. He is listed on the 1820 Buncombe County
census as “Obadiah Dickinson” with five children in his family. He was a land surveyor 8 who
was the Rabun County, Georgia land surveyor for fourteen years beginning in 1832 and who laid
1 Buncombe County, North Carolina Deed Book E, Page 201, recorded November 17, 1812.
2 “William F. Dillard, son of John”, Howard V. Jones, February 26, 1991 at page 144 citing land purchase and sale
of 193 acres on the Cumberland River.
3 John Strother had given Robert Love his power of attorney on March 8, 1808 filed in the Buncombe County, North
Carolina Deed Book B at Page 2. This document recites that the land was originally a part of the John Gray Blount
grant sold by the sheriff of Buncombe County to John Strother for county taxes due for the year 1796. John Strother
was a large scale non-resident land speculator.
4 Buncombe County, North Carolina Deed Book 4 at Page 654, Deed Book 4 at page 637, Deed Book 10 at Page 170
and Deed Book 7 at pages 525 and 650.
5 Buncombe County, North Carolina Deed Book 7 at Page 650, Deed Book D at Page 105, Deed Book C at Page
103, Deed 3 at Page 461, and others.
6 80 acres on Lee’s Mill Road on May 23, 1807 by deed filed in Buncombe County, North Carolina Deed Book A at
Page 327, 30 acres on the French Broad River by deed filed in Deed Book A at Page 297, and 37 acres on the Lee’s
Mill Road by deed dated July 22, 1806 filed in Buncombe County Deed Book A at Page 322.
7 Buncombe County, North Carolina Deed Book 13 at Page 430.
8 Obadiah Terry Dickerson may have learned surveying while a resident of Buncombe County through contacts with
Robert Love. John Strother assisted by Robert Love in May 1799 surveyed the North Carolina-Tennessee state
boundary line. Greasy Cove in Unicoi County, id., pages 6 and 7.
John Dillard, Revolutionary Minute Man
260
off the town of Clayton. 1 Obadiah Terry Dickerson may have resided on lands of Rabun John
Dillard in Buncombe County. 2 He is reputed to have resided on lands of James Dillard in Rabun
Rabun County, Georgia for several years. 3
There is disagreement among researchers as to whether or not Sophia Dillard Elkins was
one of the children of Rabun John Dillard. 4 She may be one of the unidentified daughters
indicated by the Buncombe County censuses of the household of Rabun John Dillard. 5 Gabriel
Elkins in 1797 owned land in Buncombe County on the fork of Ivy River near Bald Mountain.
He had some twenty children by three wives. 6 After Sophia Dillard’s marriage to him about
1814 as his third wife the Elkins family moved from Buncombe County to Warren County,
Tennessee and later to Anderson County, Texas and finally to Lamar County, Texas where
Sophia died in 1846.
Final Home in Rabun County, Georgia
In the 1820 United States census for Buncombe County, the three Dillard households of
Thomas, William, and John, Jr., have disappeared. Some of the daughters had also already
moved. The Rabun John Dillard household is shown on this census as one male above age 45,
one female over age 45, one male age 10 through 15, one male ages 16 through 18, and one male
ages 16 through 26, and one female ages 10 through 15. 7 Aggressive Luke Barnard and his son,
John Barnard, were present in Rabun County in 1821 in dispossessing Cherokee Indians from
their federally granted private reservations on the same four lots containing 1000 acres in
Dillard, Georgia which James Dillard later occupied between 1821 and 1823. 8
While the 1821 sale to Pickens in Buncombe County indicates about when Rabun John
Dillard moved to Rabun County he may have visited Buncombe County in 1826 to conclude the
1 Howard V. Jones, id, citing A. J. Ritchie, History of Rabun County, Georgia, id., page 152.
2 Obadiah Dickerson and Rabun John Dillard are listed on the same page 92 of the 1820 United States census for
Buncombe County, North Carolina.
3 Ritchie, id., page 152. Book 1, page 57 of Appraisals in Rabun County lists that Obadiah Dickerson owned Lot 7
containing 499 acres in the 1 st District reported by Elaine Randal English in her web site on Rootsweb/Ancestry/com
Dickerson.htm
4 Howard V. Jones in “Stacy Dillard, daughter of Thomas Dillard, Jr.” at page 90 contends that Rabun John Dillard
was the only Dillard in the right geographical and chronological position to have been her father. Other researchers
contend that Sophia Dillard Elkins was the daughter of Thomas Dillard, III and his wife, Dorcas Love. Bobby and
Carol B. Estes, “Gabriel Elkins” July 13, 2009 online in Find a Grave Memorial #39411409. The children of
Thomas Dillard III and Dorcas Love are documented in Haywood County, North Carolina land transactions. They
do not include a daughter, Sophia. Both positions are based on no direct proof but only on somewhat speculative
circumstantial proof
5 There is also disagreement among researchers as to what were the names of some of the children of Gabriel Elkins.
There is also disagreement as to which of some of the children of Gabriel Elkins were by which of his three wives.
6 Buncombe County North Carolina Land Entries, 1794-1795, page 25. Entry No. 3622 on April 21, 1795.
Buncombe County, North Carolina Deed Book 4 at pages 10 and 257. North Carolina Grant No. 373 supplied by
Howard V. Jones, id.
7 The identification of the three extra people shown the 1820 census is unknown. James Dillard was not listed on
the 1820 census. This could be his family which then had two small children assuming some errors by the census
taker.
8 “Cherokee Claims at Easteroy (Present Dillard, Georgia)”, John T. Coleman, Dillard Annual, Jan. 2000 at page 2.
John Dillard, Revolutionary Minute Man
261
sale to Adam Miller of part of his lands there. There is no record that he ever purchased any land
in Rabun County. James Dillard took legal title in his name to all the Dillard property in Rabun
County.
Archeological diggings connected with the application to place the Sarah Dillard Powell
residence on the National Historic Registry that was approved in 2008 uncovered the foundations
of a nearby earlier residence. The application erroneously stated that this foundation was the
residence of James Dillard. This foundation could, however, have been the residence of Rabun
John Dillard. The former Dr. Lester Neville residence at Dillard, Georgia was built near this
foundation. 1
Rabun John Dillard was a justice of the peace in Rabun County. In that capacity he
performed a wedding between William Gillespie and Malinda Eller on November 25, 1825. 2
The 1830 United States census for Rabun County Georgia when Rabun John was 75 years old
lists only Rabun John Dillard and his wife in his household both in the age category of 70-79
years. In 1834 he made application for his Revolutionary service pension.
The 1840 United States census for that county also lists two people in the household of
Rabun John Dillard with Rabun John listed as age 81 3 and his wife in the age category of 70-79
years of age.
The date when Ruth Vaughan Dillard died is unknown. 1844 supplemental proceedings
in Rabun John’s pension application after his death verify that he left no surviving widow 4
which indicates that Ruth Vaughan died between 1840 and 1842 and predeceased Rabun John
Dillard. Her place of burial is not marked by a grave stone. 1844 Supplemental proceedings in
his pension application after his death establish Rabun John Dillard’s date of death as June 4,
1842. 5 There is no record of the administration of his probate estate. His grave stone erected in
1939 at a Dillard family reunion was furnished by the federal government. 6
While many facts have been gathered about Rabun John Dillard especially as a result of
the surge of genealogical sources in recent years many questions still remain unanswered. The
life of John Dillard reflects that he may have thrived on change. That may in part explain his
service in the military after the Revolution. That may also explain why he migrated to numerous
newly created counties in three states.
1 William E. and Sarah Dillard Powell House, United States Department of Interior, National Park Service,
application for registration under the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966.
2 Ritchie, id., page 161.
3 Rabun John Dillard based on his 1755 date of birth would have been 85 years old in 1840.
4 Pension Application S31649, id.
5 Pension Application S31649, id.
6 Ritchie, id., page 161.

 
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September 3, 1983 - Interview with Eunice Dean Lord Hunt

Conducted and recorded by Dean Lake

Where were you born?

"...Westminster, SC April 23, 1906...I didn't live there long enough to remember, we went to Atlanta...I was the next to the oldest ...there were four of us and uh, right now there are only two of us living...she's in Columbia, I seldom see her, we just ...don't have enough in common you know ...Beatrice Smith...she sent a spray to grammy's (Ethel Hunt) funeral, you know, surprised us, we didn't know she knew about it...When I was in grammar school I moved to Columbia, cause of family problems at home, you know divorce, that kind of thing, before I was old enough to go to school. I really don't know the reason why except that my father drank a good bit and in that condition he was away from home, and married some person and uh, you don't want all this recorded ...anyway the person that he married found out about it, he was a kind of a wanderer you know, wasn't at home very much, but uh, the person that he married found out that he was married and got my mothers address and wrote her and told her that they had been married ...without a divorce so My mother had to get a divorce then. But he was a fine person he loved us children."

Why did she get the divorce why didn't she make the other one get a divorce? Where was the other woman?

" Oh you could never put your finger on where he was, he was just here and there and everywhere ...I really don't know, I think she (the other wife) was in South Carolina though."

What was your fathers name? Mothers name? This was going on in Westminster?

"Richard Carlton Lord...Nola Ellen Dillard Lord, and then she was married the second time, Loggins...no, this was going on after we moved to Atlanta, but I hadn't, still hadn't started school when the divorce, when she got the divorce from him. But uh, anyway then I, My mother was having it pretty hard you know, back then by herself with four children...she worked at a plant near, nearby, I didn't know much about it. Then I went to live with an aunt in Columbia, Emily Dick, an unmarried person, in fact there were two aunts, I was in Grammar school I've forgotten what age. And then I went to Chicora, old Chicora College for women in Columbia."

What about when you were a little girl, too? Where about's did you live in Atlanta?

"Little girl? I don't remember ...where the airport is now (before Hartsfield) in that section, I used to run around barefooted, pick apples off trees right where the airport is...and that's where I first learned to make jelly, apples off those trees, tried the first time. And I had a crush on a young man a little older than I was and I thought I was something to be proud of when I made that first jelly...so I couldn't wait to show it to him ...we'd get out in the street play games at night, I was thrilled to death, you know, when he happened to be there...of course I was too young to date, but uh, later on we started dating...and right now he is a superior court judge in Atlanta (Judge Alverson deceased now)."

Tell me about the three other kids...

"My brother, (Otis) the baby in the family, was overcome by heat in Kansas City (Above John M. Dillard lists his place of death as South Dakota) I think it was, and died...he was, he was in his early, i late forties or early fifties then, it was during a big heat wave we were having ...railroad tracks he walked that kind of thing..."

"...Senate Street (in Columbia) it started in Grammar school and later on I went to Chicora...but every summer we'd go to Asheville and go to a camp up there...camp Alide...from Columbia to Asheville...then I went from Chicora to Columbia Bible College, and was in the first graduation class from Columbia Bible College...Aunt Emily, the aunt I lived with, was the founder of that camp, she was also founder of Columbia Bible College."

Tell me about your other Sister...

"My older sister was three years older than I, and she married very young, married a Baptist minister, the Baptist later married you grandfather and me at another aunts home in Asheville and my brother-in-law performed the ceremony. Grace Justice, the one in Asheville, they were living in Asheville at the time, but being a ministers wife they moved from place to place, but they've been in Atlanta most of the time."

And these aunts, they were your Mothers Sisters?

"On that side, uh huh...

A bunch of Dillard's?

"(laughs) something like that ...I still like to go..."

What was your Aunt's name in Asheville?

"Emily Dick"

Again? She moved from Columbia to Asheville?

"She didn't move she just went up there to camp every summer."

The aunt's house in Asheville where you were married, who was that?

"That was another Aunt...she was related on my grandmothers side to the Wilburns, and uh, she married a Lord...he wrote a book about the about the gold, his, 'bout the gold rush and I think, it, I used to have it, she gave me a copy of it and Richard my brother-in-law wanted it so I let him have it and I don't know whatever happened to it. You know about the experiences they had on it during the gold rush when they ride out there you know in covered wagons...Well, my grandmother Dillard was a Wilburn before she married the Dillard, that's my maternal Grandmother, Florida Belle Dillard and her husband was named John Dillard, and a John Dillard wayback was the one Dillard Georgia was named for and the Dillard House there, they are distant relatives of my mothers..."

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